Ethnologue: Areas: Europe


5,334,000 (1995). Officially separated from Czech Republic January 1, 1993. Literacy rate 99%. Also includes Czech, Russian, Ukrainian 100,000. Data accuracy estimate: B. Christian, secular. Blind population 10,000 in former Czechoslovakia. Deaf institutions: 51 in former Czechoslovakia. The number of languages listed for Slovakia is 9.

HUNGARIAN (MAGYAR) [HNG] 597,400 in Slovakia (1993), 11.2% of the population; 14,500,000 in all countries. In the south. Also in Hungary, Ukraine, Romania, USA, Canada, Australia, Israel, Yugoslavia, Austria. Uralic, Finno-Ugric, Ugric, Hungarian. Bible 1590-1991. NT 1541-1952. Bible portions 1533-1988.

POLISH (POLSKY) [PQL] 50,000 in Slovakia; 44,000,000 in all countries (1995 WA). Also in Poland, Czech Republic, USA, Ukraine, Canada, Germany, Romania. Indo-European, Slavic, West, Lechitic. Christian. Bible 1561-1965. NT 1553-1991. Bible portions 1522-1984.

ROMANI, CARPATHIAN (BASHALDO, ROMUNGRO, HUNGARIAN-SLOVAK ROMANI) [RMC] 220,000 in Slovakia and Czech Republic (1980 UBS); 3,000 in Hungary; 18,000 to 25,000 in USA (1990 I. Hancock); 300,000 including second language speakers in Czech Republic (1985 Gunnemark and Kenrick). Northern, eastern, and southern Slovakia. Also in Poland, Romania, Ukraine, north and northeastern USA. Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Central zone, Romani, Northern. Dialects: MORAVIAN ROMANI, EAST SLOVAKIAN ROMANI, WEST SLOVAKIAN ROMANI. A Gypsy language. Ethnic groups: Sárvika Romá (northern and eastern Slovakia), Ungrike Romá (southern Slovakia). The people are called Karpacki Roma. There is a dictionary and grammar. Not intelligible with Vlax Romani or Angloromani, and speakers do not interact socially with speakers of those languages. Christian. Bible portions 1936. Work in progress.

ROMANI, VLACH [RMY] 500 Lovari in Slovakia; 1,500,000 in all countries Vlach (1986 estimate). Also in Romania, Poland, Hungary, Albania, Bulgaria, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Greece, Ukraine, Portugal, Spain, France, Italy, Norway, Sweden, Netherlands, Germany, Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, USA, England. Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Central zone, Romani, Vlax. Dialects: LOVARI, KALDERASH (KALDARÁRI). Kalderash is reported to be understood by the Lovari. A Gypsy language. Vlach from Hungary and Slovakia are called 'Romungre'. Christian. NT 1984-1995. Bible portions 1930-1986.

RUSYN (RUTHENIAN, CARPATHIAN, CARPATHO-RUSYN) [RUE] 100,000 in Slovakia (1993 Johnstone). Northeast Slovakia, Preshov region. Also Ukraine, possibly Romania. Indo-European, Slavic, East. Rusyn is called a dialect of Ukrainian, but speakers are reported to consider themselves distinct from Ukrainians. Nearly two-thirds have assimilated culturally and linguistically with the Slovaks. Ethnic Rusyns in Yugoslavia are reported to speak Eastern Slovak, Sarish dialect, not Rusyn. Christian. Survey needed.

SERBO-CROATIAN [SRC] 21,000,000 in all countries (1995). Also in Yugoslavia, Macedonia, Romania, Hungary, Austria, Italy, Turkey, Sweden, Canada, USA, Russia, Australia, Greece. Indo-European, Slavic, South, Western. Dialect: CROATIAN. Latin script used by Croats, Cyrillic by Serbs and Montenegrins. Christian, Muslim. Bible 1804-1968. NT 1563-1983. Bible portions 1564-1987.

SLOVAK (SLOVAKIAN) [SLO] 4,865,450 in Slovakia (1990 WA); 510,366 in USA (1970 census); over 100,000 in Hungary (1990); 38,000 in Poland; 34,000 in Romania; 12,000 in Ukraine (1970 census); 17,370 in Canada (1971 census); 100,000 in Yugoslavia; 5,606,000 in all countries. Western upland country around Bratislava. Indo-European, Slavic, West, Czech-Slovak. All dialects of Slovak and Czech are inherently intelligible to all speakers. National language. Christian. Braille Bible portions. Bible 1832-1926. NT 1913-1993. Bible portions 1904-1991.

SLOVAKIAN SIGN LANGUAGE [SVK] Deaf sign language. Dictionary. Survey needed.

UKRAINIAN [UKR] 100,000 in Slovakia; 31,058,000 in Ukraine (1993); 1,500,000 in Poland; 309,855 in Canada; 249,351 in USA (1970 census); 22,896 in Yugoslavia; 41,000,000 in all countries. Also in Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Hungary, Romania, republics of former USSR. Indo-European, Slavic, East. Christian. Bible 1903-1962. NT 1880-1942. Bible portions 1869-1942.

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Part of the Ethnologue, 13th Edition, Barbara F. Grimes, Editor.
Copyright © 1996, Summer Institute of Linguistics, Inc. All rights reserved.

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