Ethnologue: Areas: Europe

Malta

360,000 (1995). Repubblika Ta'Malta. Literacy rate 90% to 96%. Also includes Arabic 250. Data accuracy estimate: B. Christian, secular. Blind population 565. Deaf institutions: 3. The number of languages listed for Malta is 3.

ENGLISH [ENG] 2,400 speakers (1993 Johnstone); 322,000,000 in all countries (1995 WA). Indo-European, Germanic, West, North Sea, English. National language. Bible 1535-1989. NT 1525-1985. Bible portions 1530-1987.

MALTESE [MLS] 300,000 in Malta (1975 Katzner); 28,000 in Italy (1993 Johnstone); 330,000 or more in all countries. Also in Tunisia, Australia, Canada, USA, United Kingdom. Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic. Dialects: STANDARD MALTESE, PORT MALTESE, RURAL WEST MALTESE, RURAL EAST MALTESE, RURAL CENTRAL MALTESE, ZURRIEQ, GOZO. It is descended from Maghrebi Arabic but has borrowed heavily from Italian; it is a separately developed form with different syntax and phonology. No diglossia with Standard Arabic. Written in Roman script. National language. Braille code available. Bible 1932-1984. NT 1847-1959. Bible portions 1822-1872.

MALTESE SIGN LANGUAGE [MDL] Deaf sign language. Survey needed.


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Part of the Ethnologue, 13th Edition, Barbara F. Grimes, Editor.
Copyright © 1996, Summer Institute of Linguistics, Inc. All rights reserved.

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