Ethnologue: Areas: Europe


2,130,000 (1995). Capital: Skopje. Part of Yugoslavia until 1992. Different from the region of Greece with the same name. Data accuracy estimate: B. The number of languages listed for Macedonia is 8.

ADYGHE (WEST CIRCASSIAN, ADYGEY) [ADY] A few villages in Macedonia; 280,000 or more in all countries. Also in Russia, Turkey, Israel, Jordan, Syria, Iraq, Germany, USA. North Caucasian, Northwest, Circassian. Sunni Muslim. NT 1992. Bible portions 1977.

ALBANIAN, GHEG (GEG) [ALS] 242,250 in Macedonia (1992); 1,372,750 in Yugoslavia (1992); 300,000 in Albania (L. Newmark); 17,382 in USA (1970 census); 1,000 in Bulgaria (Newmark); 2,000,000 in all countries (1980 UBS). Also in Romania. Indo-European, Albanian, Gheg. Shiptars: Sunni and Bektashi Muslim. Braille code available. NT 1869-1872. Bible portions 1866-1978. Work in progress.

BALKAN GAGAUZ TURKISH (BALKAN TURKIC) [BGX] 4,000 in Macedonia and Greece; 327,000 in Turkey; 331,000 in all countries. Macedonian Gagauz dialect in the Kumanovo area, Yuruk dialect in the Bitola area. Altaic, Turkic, Southern, Turkish. Dialects: MACEDONIAN GAGAUZ, YURUK (YORUK, KONYAR). A different language from Gagauz of Moldova, Bulgaria, and Romania. Nomadic shepherds (Yuruk). Christian (Macedonian Gagauz, Yuruk), Muslim (Yuruk). Survey needed.

MACEDONIAN (SLAVIC, MACEDONIAN SLAVIC) [MKJ] 1,386,000 in Macedonia (1986); 41,017 in Greece (1951); 30,000 in Albania (1993 Johnstone); 3,995 in Canada (1961 govt. report); 2,000,000 in all countries (1995 WA). The northern dialect is in Kumanovo-Kratovo region; the southeastern dialect around Gevgelija, Strumica, and Lake Dojran; the western dialect has one subdialect in the Veles, Prilep, Kichevo, and Bitola region, and another in the Debar-Galchnik region. Also in Bulgaria. Indo-European, Slavic, South, Eastern. Dialects: NORTHERN MACEDONIAN, SOUTHEASTERN MACEDONIAN, WESTERN MACEDONIAN. The standard dialect was recognized in 1944. There are newspapers and radio programs. Called 'Slavic' in Greece. Grammar. National language. Braille code available. Bible 1988. NT 1967-1976. Bible portions 1952-1959.

ROMANIAN, MACEDO (MACEDO-RUMANIAN, ARUMANIAN, AROMUNIAN, ARMINA) [RUP] (50,000 in Greece; 1973 Byrd). Also in northern Greece, Bulgaria, Bosnia-Herzegovina. Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Eastern, South. Structurally a distinct language from Romanian (F. Agard). Split from the other 3 Romanian languages between 500 and 1000 A.D. 'Armini' refers to the people. Bible portions 1881-1889. Survey needed.

ROMANI, BALKAN [RMN] 120,000 in Macedonia and Yugoslavia, including 100,000 Arlija, 20,000 Dzambazi; a few hundred in Brooklyn and Queens, New York, USA; 1,000,000 in all countries (1980 UBS). Balkans. Also in Bulgaria, Greece, Turkey, France, Germany, Italy, Romania, Hungary, Iran. Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Central zone, Romani, Balkan. Dialects: ARLIJA, DZAMBAZI, TINNERS ROMANI. The Arlija dialect (252,000 to 367,000 total) is understood by Greek Romani and Dzambazi speakers. Ethnic group: Jerlídes (Macedonia, southern Serbia). A Gypsy language. Muslim. Bible portions 1912-1937. Work in progress.

SERBO-CROATIAN [SRC] 21,000,000 in all countries (1995). Also in Yugoslavia, Croatia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Romania, Greece, Slovakia, Germany, Sweden, other countries. Indo-European, Slavic, South, Western. Dialect: SERBIAN. Roman script used. Typology: SVO. Christian. Bible 1831-1968. NT 1563-1981. Bible portions 1562-1987.

TURKISH (OSMANLI) [TRK] 250,000 in Macedonia and Yugoslavia (1982 estimate); 55,000,000 in all countries (1995 WA). Also in Turkey, Yugoslavia, Greece, Bulgaria, Romania, Germany, Belgium, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrghyzstan, Azerbaijan, Iran, USA, Canada, Cyprus, Netherlands, France, Sweden. Altaic, Turkic, Southern, Turkish. Dialects: MACEDONIAN, DINLER. Sunni and Bektashi Muslim. Bible 1827-1941. NT 1819-1991. Bible portions 1782-1985.

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Part of the Ethnologue, 13th Edition, Barbara F. Grimes, Editor.
Copyright © 1996, Summer Institute of Linguistics, Inc. All rights reserved.

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