Ethnologue: Areas: Europe

Hungary

10,509,000 (1995). Republic of Hungary. Magyar Köztársaság. Literacy rate 98% to 99%. Also includes Polish 21,000, Slovak 100,000, Ukrainian 300,000, Chinese 30. Christian, secular, Jewish. Blind population 25,000 (1973 estimate); 10,000 (1982 WCE). Deaf institutions: 17. The number of languages listed for Hungary is 9.

GERMAN, STANDARD [GER] 250,000 in Hungary (J.A. Hawkins in B. Comrie 1988) .5% of the population; 98,000,000 in all countries (1995 WA). Indo-European, Germanic, West, Continental, High. Bible 1466-1982. NT 1522-1983. Bible portions 1522-1987.

HUNGARIAN (MAGYAR) [HNG] 10,298,820 in Hungary (1995), 98% of the population (1986); 2,004,300 in Romania (1980 WA); 171,000 in Ukraine (1979 census); 629,400 in Slovakia (1986); 447,497 in USA (1970 census); 450,500 in Yugoslavia (1986); 10,500 in Slovenia (1986); 86,835 in Canada (1971 census); 22,000 in Austria (1995); 5,764 in Australia; 60,000 in Israel (1995); 14,500,000 in all countries. Uralic, Finno-Ugric, Ugric, Hungarian. Dialects: ALFOLD, WEST DANUBE, DANUBE-TISZA, KING'S PASS HUNGARIAN, NORTHEAST HUNGARIAN, NORTHWEST HUNGARIAN, SZEKELY, WEST HUNGARIAN. 'Magyar' is the Hungarian name. Closest to Vogul (Mansi) of Russia. National language. Typology: SVO. Braille Bible portions. Bible 1590-1991. NT 1541-1952. Bible portions 1533-1988.

ROMANIAN (RUMANIAN, MOLDAVIAN, DACO-RUMANIAN) [RUM] 100,000 in Hungary (1995 Iosif Bena); 20,520,000 in Romania (1986); 26,000,000 in all countries (1995 WA). Also in many other countries. Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Eastern, North. Radio broadcasts. Bible 1688-1989. NT 1648-1993. Bible portions 1561-1993.

ROMANI, BALKAN (CIGÁNY) [RMN] 1,000,000 in all countries (1980 UBS). 150,000 Gypsies in Hungary speak a variety of Romani as first language (1995 Z. Réger). 450,000 to 800,000 all Gypsies in Hungary. Also in Yugoslavia, Bulgaria, Greece, France, Germany, Italy, Romania, Iran, Turkey, Moldova, Ukraine. Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Central zone, Romani, Balkan. A Gypsy language. Bible portions 1912-1937. Work in progress.

ROMANI, CARPATHIAN (CIGÁNY) [RMC] 3,000 in Hungary (1980 UBS); 220,000 in Czech Republic and Slovakia; 18,000 to 25,000 in USA (1990 I. Hancock). Three divisions are recognized: Nograd County north of Budapest, overlapping into Slovakia; in Budapest and towns along the Danube such as Baja, Dunaszekcso, Kalocsa, Mohacs, Pecs, and Versend as far south as the Yugoslav border; and travelers with carnivals, as knife grinders, horse dealers, and brick makers. One dialect is in east Hungary, south Poland, and Galicia; another in Transylvania, Romania; others in Czech Republic and Slovakia; Ukraine, USA. Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Central zone, Romani, Northern. Dialects: GALICIAN, TRANSYLVANIAN. A Gypsy language. Ethnic group: Ungrike Romá (northern). Medicinal herb collectors and sellers, factory workers, basketmakers, wood merchants, horse dealers, rag-and-bone merchants, carnival workers, knife grinders, brick makers, professionals. Christian. Bible portions 1936. Work in progress.

ROMANI, VLACH (GYPSY, TSIGENE, CIGÁNY, ROMUNGRE) [RMY] 5,000 to 20,000 Lovari in Hungary; 1,500,000 in all countries Vlach (1986 estimate). Also Romania, Bulgaria, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Greece, Albania, Poland, Slovakia, Hungary, Ukraine, western Europe, North and South America. Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Central zone, Romani, Vlax. Dialects: LOVARI, CHURARI. A Gypsy language. Vlach in Hungary and Slovakia are called 'Romungre'. Christian. NT 1984-1995. Bible portions 1930-1986.

SERBO-CROATIAN [SRC] 32,130 in Hungary; .3% of the population (1986); 21,000,000 in all countries (1995). Southern border area. Mainly in Yugoslavia and Croatia. Also in Macedonia, Romania, Austria, Slovakia, southern Italy, Sweden, Russia, Turkey, USA, Canada, Australia. Indo-European, Slavic, South, Western. Dialects: CROATIAN, SERBIAN. Roman script is used by Croats. Croats tend to be RC. Christian. Bible 1804-1968. NT 1563-1983. Bible portions 1564-1987.

SLOVAK [SLO] 100,000 or more in Hungary (1990 G. Kara); 5,606,000 in all countries. Also in Slovakia, Yugoslavia, Ukraine, USA, Canada. Indo-European, Slavic, West, Czech-Slovak. All dialects of Czech and Slovak are inherently intelligible to all speakers. Braille Bible portions. Bible 1832-1926. NT 1913-1993. Bible portions 1904-1991.

SLOVENIAN (SLOVENE) [SLV] 4,205 in Hungary (1970); 2,218,000 in all countries. Also in Slovenia, Italy, Austria, USA, Canada. Indo-European, Slavic, South, Western. Bible 1584-1985. NT 1577-1985. Bible portions 1555-1993.


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Part of the Ethnologue, 13th Edition, Barbara F. Grimes, Editor.
Copyright © 1996, Summer Institute of Linguistics, Inc. All rights reserved.

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