Ethnologue: Areas: Europe

Czech Republic

10,391,000 (1995). Officially separated from Slovakia January 1, 1993. Literacy rate 99%. Also includes Russian. Data accuracy estimate: B. Also includes Russian. Christian, secular. Blind population 10,000 in former Czechoslovakia. Deaf institutions: 51 in former Czechoslovakia. The number of languages listed for Czech Republic is 8. Of those, 7 are living languages and 1 is extinct.

BAVARIAN (BAYRISCH, BAVARIAN AUSTRIAN) [BAR] North Bavarian is in Western Bohemia and in the north of Regensburg to Nuremburg; Central Bavarian is in the Alps and Lower Austria and Salzburg; South Bavarian is in the Bavarian Alps, Tyrol, Styria, including the Heanzian dialect of Burgenland, Carinthia, northern Italy, and part of Gottschee in Slovenia. Indo-European, Germanic, West, Continental, High. Dialects: CENTRAL BAVARIAN, NORTH BAVARIAN, SOUTH BAVARIAN. Survey needed.

CZECH (BOHEMIAN) [CZC] 10,004,800 in Czech Republic (1990 WA); 1,452,812 in USA (1970 census); 27,780 in Canada (1971 census); 21,000 in Ukraine (1970 census); 9,000 in Bulgaria; 12,000,000 in all countries (1995 WA). Western, Bohemia, Moravia, Silesia. Also in Poland, Austria, Israel, Slovakia, Slovenia. Indo-European, Slavic, West, Czech-Slovak. Dialects: CENTRAL BOHEMIAN, CZECHO-MORAVIAN, HANAK, LACH (YALACH), NORTHEAST BOHEMIAN, SOUTHWEST BOHEMIAN. All Czech and Slovak dialects are inherently intelligible. National language. Typology: SVO. Christian. Braille Bible portions. Bible 1488-1980. NT 1475-1992. Bible portions 1902-1992.

CZECH SIGN LANGUAGE [CSE] Deaf sign language. Partially intelligible with French Sign Language. Used since 1786 when deaf schools began. Sign language used in school different from that used by adults outside. Signed interpretation required in court. Some provided for college students and at important public events. There is sign language instruction for parents of deaf children. Many sign language classes for hearing people, including on TV. Signed interpretation often given on TV, and special programs for the deaf. There is a committee on national sign language. More than one sign language used in the country. There is a manual alphabet for spelling. Dictionary. Film or video. Survey needed.

GERMAN, STANDARD [GER] 200,000 in Czech Republic; 98,000,000 in all countries (1995 WA). In the Erzgebirge, a mountain range along the border of Czech Republic and eastern Germany. Indo-European, Germanic, West, Continental, High. Dialect: ERZGEBIRGISCH. Bible 1466-1982. NT 1522-1983. Bible portions 1522-1987.

KNAANIC (CANAANIC, LESHON KNAAN, JUDEO-SLAVIC) [CZK] Indo-European, Slavic, West, Czech-Slovak. Dialect: JUDEO-CZECH. Became extinct in late Middle Ages. The name 'Knaanic' applied mainly to Judeo Czech, but also to other Judeo-Slavic varieties.

POLISH (POLSKY) [PQL] 50,000 in Czech Republic; 44,000,000 in all countries (1995 WA). Also in Poland, Slovakia, USA, Ukraine, Canada, Germany, Romania. Indo-European, Slavic, West, Lechitic. Christian. Bible 1561-1965. NT 1553-1991. Bible portions 1522-1984.

ROMANI, CARPATHIAN (BASHALDO, ROMUNGRO, HUNGARIAN-SLOVAK ROMANI) [RMC] 220,000 in Czech Republic and Slovakia (1980 UBS); 3,000 in Hungary; 18,000 to 25,000 in USA (1990 I. Hancock); 300,000 including second language speakers in Czech Republic (1985 Gunnemark and Kenrick). Central, Bohemia, and Moravia. Also in Poland, Romania, Ukraine, north and northeastern USA. Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Central zone, Romani, Northern. Dialects: MORAVIAN ROMANI, EAST SLOVAKIAN ROMANI, WEST SLOVAKIAN ROMANI. A Gypsy language. Ethnic groups: Sárvika Romá (northern and eastern Slovakia), Ungrike Romá (southern Slovakia). The people are called Karpacki Roma. There is a dictionary and grammar. Not intelligible with Vlax Romani or Angloromani, and speakers do not interact socially with speakers of those languages. Christian. Bible portions 1936. Work in progress.

ROMANI, SINTE (ROMMANES, SINTE, SINTI, TSIGANE) [RMO] 200,000 in all countries (1980 UBS). Also in Germany, Austria, Italy, Yugoslavia, Netherlands, Switzerland, France, Poland, Kazakhstan. Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Central zone, Romani, Northern. Dialect: LALLERE. The Lallere are those whose ancestors came from Czech Republic. Not intelligible with Vlach Romani. A Gypsy language. Ethnic group: Sasítka Romá. Christian. Bible portions 1875-1930. Work in progress.


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Part of the Ethnologue, 13th Edition, Barbara F. Grimes, Editor.
Copyright © 1996, Summer Institute of Linguistics, Inc. All rights reserved.

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