Ethnologue: Areas: Europe


4,750,000 (1996). Part of Yugoslavia until 1991. Literacy rate 97%. Also includes Romani, Slovak. Data accuracy estimate: B. The number of languages listed for Croatia is 6. Of those, 5 are living languages and 1 is extinct.

CROATIAN [SRC] 4,800,000 in Croatia (1995); 21,000,000 in all countries (1995). Also in Yugoslavia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Macedonia, Romania, Greece, Slovakia, Germany, Sweden, other countries. Indo-European, Slavic, South, Western. Dialect: CROATIAN. Croatian is an official language. Roman script used. Official language. Typology: SVO. Roman Catholic. Bible 1831-1968. NT 1563-1981. Bible portions 1562-1987.

DALMATIAN (RAGUSAN) [DLM] Coast near Dubrovnik. Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Italo-Romance. Recently extinct, late nineteenth century.

ISTRIOT [IST] 1,000 or fewer (1994 Tapani Salminen). Western coast of Istrian Peninsula, now only in the towns of Rovinj (Rovigno) and Vodnjan (Dignano). Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Italo-Romance. Reported to be an archaic Romance language, often confused with Istro-Rumanian, but perhaps closer to Friulian or Dalmatian. Survey needed.

ITALIAN [ITN] 297,000 in Croatia (1977 Voegelin and Voegelin); 3,000 in Slovenia (1976 Stephens); 40,000,000 in all countries. Istria. Also in Italy, many countries. Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Italo-Romance. Official language. Official language. Bible 1471-1985. NT 1530-1981. Bible portions 1531-1984.

ROMANIAN, ISTRO (ISTRO-ROMANIAN) [RUO] 555 to 1,500 (1994 T. Salminen). Northeast Istrian Peninsula, Zejane village and a few villages to the south. Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Eastern, North. Structurally a separate language from Romanian (F.B. Agard). Split from the other 3 Romanian languages between 500 and 1000 A.D. Not the same as the Istriot language. Survey needed.

VENETIAN [VEC] 100,000 in Croatia and Slovenia (1994 Tapani Salminen); 2,109,502 in Italy (1976); 1,210,000 in all countries. Istrian Peninsula. Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Italo-Romance. Dialects: ISTRIAN, TRETINE, VENETIAN PROPER. Very different from Standard Italian. Vigorous language use. Bible portions 1859. Survey needed.

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Part of the Ethnologue, 13th Edition, Barbara F. Grimes, Editor.
Copyright © 1996, Summer Institute of Linguistics, Inc. All rights reserved.

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