Les Très Riches Heures du Duc de Berry

The Martyrdom of Saint Andrew

Folio 201r

The Très Riches Heures ends with the Offices of Saint Andrew and of the Purification. As Saint Andrew was one of the Duke's heavenly patrons, a large miniature devoted to him had been planned during the prince's lifetime, only to be executed years later by Jean Colombe.
Brother of Simon Peter, Andrew is said to have preached in Palestine and then in Scythia, Thrace, and Achaia.
In Patras in Greece, he converted the wife of the proconsul, Aegeus, with whom he had a number of profound discussions. Upon refusing to obey the proconsul's order to make a sacrifice to the pagan gods, Andrew was imprisoned and then bound to an X-shaped cross.
The Golden Legend relates that he remained crucified for two days before a crowd of 20,000 people to whom he continued to preach during his suffering. He refused to be removed from the cross and expired on the third day in a blinding flash from heaven.
Men on horseback and on foot watch the saint's torture and listen to his words. In the background is a city meant to represent Patras, with its houses, ramparts, and churches.
In the bas-de-page we see on the left Andrew's arrest and imprisonment, and on the right the saint's flagellation prior to his crucifixion. The frame of marble and gold columns is typical of Jean Colombe's work.
This is the last miniature in the manuscript, which ends with two pages that were left blank despite the preparatory rulings.

small image (33KB) --- large image (268KB) --- Saint Andrew on the cross (large) (266KB) --- The crowd listening to his preaching (large) (255KB) --- Saint Andrew's imprisonment and flagellation (large) (225KB)

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