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The founding of the Vatican Museums can be traced back to 1503 when the newly-elected Pope, Julius II della Rovere, placed a statue of Apollo in the internal courtyard of the Belvedere Palace built by Innocent VIII; he brought the statue from the garden of his titular church of St. Peter in Chains. In 1506 the Laocoon was added to the collection, after its discovery on the Esquiline Hill before the eyes of Giuliano di Sangallo and Michelangelo Buonarroti. |
Scores of artifacts were added throughout the next two centuries and the collections were eventually reorganized under Benedict XIV (1740-1758) and Clement XIII (1758-1769). They founded the Apostolic Library Museums: the Sacred (Museo Sacro - 1756) and the Profane (Museo Profano - 1767).
The Christian Museum, comprising finds from the catacombs that could not be conserved in situ, was founded by Pius IX in 1854 in the Lateran Palace and was moved to the Vatican Museums by Pope John XXIII.
Pope Pius XI inaugurated in 1932 the definitive seat of the Vatican Picture Gallery (the Pinacoteca), near the monumental entrance of the Vatican Museums.
The Fabbrica of Saint Peter's
The Treasury of Saint Peter's
The Apostolic Library : Sacred Museum I
The Apostolic Library : Sacred Museum II
The Apostolic Library : Sacred Museum III
Gallery of Tapestries
The Gallery of Paintings I
The Gallery of Paintings II
The Gallery of Paintings III
The Gallery of Paintings IV
The Gallery of Paintings V
The Pio-Clementine Museum
The Christian Museum I
The Christian Museum II
Museums of Sculptures I
Museums of Sculptures II
The Gregorian Profane Museum
The Gregorian Egyptian Museum
The Gregorian Etruscan Museum I
The Gregorian Etruscan Museum II
The Missionary - Ethnologic Museum
The Collection of Modern Religious Art
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