Then Moses stretched out his hand over the sea, and the Lord swept the sea
with a strong east wind throughout the night and so turned it into dry land.
When the water was thus divided, the Israelites marched into the midst of the sea on dry land, with the water like a wall to their right and to their left.
The Egyptians followed in pursuit; all Pharoah's horses and chariots and charioteers went after them right into the midst of the sea.
In the night watch just before dawn the Lord cast through the column of the firey cloud upon the Egyptian force a glance that threw it into a panic; and he so clogged their chariot wheels that they could hardly drive.
With that the Egyptians sounded the retreat before Israel, because the Lord was fighting for them against the Egyptians.
Then the Lord told Moses, "Stretch out your hand over the sea, that the water may flow back upon the Egyptians, upon their chariots and their charioteers."
So Moses stretched out his hand over the sea, and at dawn the sea flowed back to its normal depth. The Egyptians were fleeing head on toward the sea, when the Lord hurled them into its midst. (Ex 14:21-27)
From the desert of Sin the whole Israelite community journeyed by stages,
as the Lord directed, and encamped at Rephidim.
Here there was no water for the people to drink. They quarreled, therefore, with Moses and said, "Give us water to drink." Moses replied, "Why do you quarrel with me? Why do you put the Lord to a test?"
Here, then, in their thirst for water, the people grumbled against Moses, saying, "Why did you ever make us leave Egypt? Was it just to have us die here of thirst with our children and our livestock?"
So Moses cried out to the Lord, "What shall I do with this people? A little more and they will stone me!"
The Lord answered Moses, "Go over there in front of the people, along with some of the elders of Israel, holding in your hand, as you go, the staff with which you struck the river.
I will be standing there in front of you on the rock in Horeb. Strike the rock, and the water will flow from it for the people to drink." This Moses did, in the presence of the elders of Israel. (Ex 17:1-6)
When the Lord had finished speaking to Moses on Mount Sinai, he gave him the
two tablets of the commandments, the stone tablets inscribed by God's own
finger. (Ex 31:18)
So all the people took off their earrings and brought them to Aaron, who
accepted their offering, and fashioning this gold with a graving tool,
made a molten calf.
Then they cried out, "This is your God, O Israel, who brought you out of the land of Egypt." On seeing this, Aaron built an altar before the calf and proclaimed, "Tomorrow is a feast of the Lord."
Early the next day the people offered holocausts and brought peace offerings. Then they sat down to eat and drink, and rose up to revel. (Ex 32:3-6)
Having come down in a cloud, the Lord stood with him there and proclaimed
his name, "Lord."
Thus the Lord passed before him and cried out, "The Lord, the Lord, a merciful and gracious God, slow to anger and rich in kindness and fidelity, continuing his kindness for a thousand generations, and forgiving wickedness and crime and sin; yet not declaring the guilty guiltless, but punishing children and grandchildren to the third and fourth generation for their fathers' wickedness!"
Moses at once bowed down to the ground in worship. Then he said, "If I find favor with you, O Lord, do come along in our company.
This is indeed a stiff-necked people; yet pardon our wickedness and sins, and receive us as your own." (Ex 34:5-9)
So Moses stayed there with the Lord for forty days and forty nights,
without eating any food or drinking any water, and he wrote on the tablets
the words of the covenant, the ten commandments.
As Moses came down from Mount Sinai with the two tablets of the commandments in his hands, he did not know that the skin of his face had become radiant while he conversed with the Lord.
When Aaron, then, and the other Israelites saw Moses and noticed how radiant the skin of his face had become, they were afraid to come near him. Only after Moses called to them did Aaron and all the rulers of the community come back to him.
Moses then spoke to them. Later on, all the Israelites came up to him, and he enjoined on them all that the Lord had told him on Mount Sinai. (Ex 34:28-32)