* 4 cent. Syn.
* 1 cent. Syn.
* Domus Eccl.
* 2000 - 2003
* The House
* Pictures 1
* Pictures 2
* Pictures 3
* Pictures 4
Semitic name of the settlement is Kefar Nahum i.e. the village (kafar) of Nahum
(personal name). It is not possible to identify this Nahum after whom the
village was named. Some ancient writers bypassed the problem of identification
since they took Nahum as a common noun. For instance, Origen interpreted Kefar
Nahum as "the village of consolation" from the etymological meaning of the
Hebrew root nhm (consolation); whereas St. Jerome in some cases translated the
same name as "the beautiful city", from the Hebrew root n'm (beauty).
The composite name Kefar Nahum is always rendered in non-Semitic languages as a
single name, and the guttural h has been dropped altogether. In the Greek
manuscripts of the Gospels two spellings occur, i.e. Capharnaum (Kafarnaouvm)
and Capernaum (Kapernaouvm). The first transcription "Capharnaum", closely
following the Hebrew pronunciation and adopted also by Josephus Flavius, is the
right one, while the spelling "Capernaum" is rather an idiom of the district of
© copyright 2001. Text written by Fr. Stanislao Loffreda ofm. Reproduction, retrieval or redistribution of this material is not permitted without prior permission of the author reachable at the Studium Biblicum Franciscanum (firstname.lastname@example.org)