A. Mertens, "Who was a Christian in the Holy Land?" - Encyclopedia

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Zabulon. See: Zebulon.

Zacchaeus, chief tax collector at Jericho. Jesus invited Himself to the house of Zacchaeus for dinner. Zacchaeus was moved to make restitution of ill-gotten gains and to give aims to the poor. (Luke 19, 1-10) Tradition tells us that he accompanied St. Peter and became bishop of Caesarea, Palestine. Salomon of Bosra in his 'Book of the Bee' ch. 48 relates that Zacchaeus was killed in Hauran. A local tradition of Quercy (France) brings Zacchaeus to Gaul, where he preached under the name of Amator (Amadour?) The Copts have the feast of Zacchaeus on April 20; the Roman Martyrology on Aug 23.

Sycomore of Zacchaeus in Jericho. Facing the Franciscan property, on the right side of the way that goes from the centre of the modern Jericho to the northern Tell el-Sultan (the Jericho of the Old Testament), is a Greek Orthodox Church. Before the church is a sycomore. The old tree has fallen since 1967, but an off-shout had already been planted before. - In the Russian property, with its Byzantine oratory of St. George, is shown another sycomore.

Zacchaeus, 4th bishop of Jerusalem (112-119). His feast is on Aug 23 in Mart. Rom. The AA.SS. mention Zacchaeus-Zacharias.

Zacchaeus, priest in Jerusalem. He prayed in the atrium of the Church NEA in Jerusalem, and he predicted that the two sons of Procopios the scholar would not die in the epidemy of Caesarea, and that the plague would cease after two days. (Prat. Spir. 131)

Zacchaeus and Alphaeus. They served as deacons in Gadara, Palestine. After several tortures, they were beheaded in Caesarea, Palestine, in 303, the first year of the persecution of Diocletian.

Zacharias, 4th bishop of Jerusalem, 2nd cent. His feast is on Aug 23. The AA.SS. identify him with S. Zacchaeus.

Zacharias of Jerusalem. He followed Isaac (Isacius) on the patriarchal throne of Jerusalem in 609. During the invasion of the Persians under Chosroas II in 614, Zacharias was taken prisoner. In 628 he was freed by the troops of Emperor Heraclius and was enabled to return to Jerusalem. He died in 629 and was succeeded by Modestus (631-634). The Palestinian-Georgian calendar tells us that Zacharias died in captivity in Persia; and remembers his feast on Jan 31. The Greek liturgy recalls him on Feb 21. The AA.SS. place his death in 631, and have his feast on Feb 21.

Zacharias, the fighter. He is saluted in the Ethiopian Synaxarium on Takhshash 30. Zacharias went to the monastery of Abba Pachomius. On the day of Hosannah (Palmsunday), he went to the abbot and asked him to give him leave to go to Jerusalem. Afterwards Zacharias returned to his cell where he fed three serpents.

Zacharias, priest. Only in the Palestinian-Georgian calendar on May 23.

Zacharias, Saint (at Nazareth). The 'L’estat de la Citez de Ihérusalem' (Condition of the city of Jerusalem) of 1228 (PPTS, vol VI, p. 44) mentions: 'From Nazareth to the Leap of Our Lord is a league; and on this roadside is a chapel of Saint Zacharias, which is of the Armenians, and it is a fair place. ' (The Arabic name of the site is Jebel el Qafse).

Zachary, prophet in the postexilic period. Zachary is the 11th of the 12 minor prophets, to whom is named the Book of Zachary (Zechariah). This Zachary was of the tribe of Levi, he was born during the captivity of Babylon. The dates of his Book are between 520 and 518 BC, shortly before the dedication in 515 of the rebuilt temple. The Melkite liturgy venerates this Zachary on Feb 8.

Zadok. Third name of Joachim, the father of Our Lady Mary.

Zakariah, Armenian Patriarch in Jerusalem. In 1843 he set up the Theological Seminary in Jerusalem.

Zamdas (or Zabdas), 37th bishop of Jerusalem, Saint. The AA.SS. have his feast on Sept 22, Feb 19, May 16; and have his death in 304.

Zamdo, St. bishop of Jerusalem. The Latin Patriarchate commemorates his death on Feb 19. He ruled as bishop of Jerusalem from 298 to 302. To be identified with Zamdas.

Zamnos. He built a church in Avdat, in the year 162 of the Nabataean era (= 268 CE, Christian Era).

Zanni da Bagnacavallo, Franciscan. Before 1273. It is related that he brought from Jerusalem an icon of the Holy Virgin. (GBB I, 290)

Zannos, monk in the Monastery of Zannos, which is about 3 Kms from the Great Laura (of St. Sabas) in Wadi en Nar.

Zanthius. See: Aurelius (in Timna).

Zarephath. Zerephath (Sarepta) was a city of ancient Phoenicia, modern Sarafand, about 15 kms south of Sidon. Prophet Elijah sojourned at Zarephath during the famine in Israel, and he received hospitality from a woman. For this widow he provided oil, and he raised her son from illness (1 Kings 17, 8-24). Jesus alludes to this episode to illustrate the unbelief of the Jews as contrasted with the Gentiles (Luke 4, 26). The woman of Zarephath (Zerephath) is mentioned among the Just in the Old Testament, on the first Sunday of Advent in the Eastern Church.

Zebedee. Father of the apostles James and John, with whom they were mending their nets, when Jesus called them (Mt 4, 21; Mk 1, 19). Zebedee is mentioned otherwise only as father of these two apostles. A local tradition places the house of Zebedee and of his two sons in Yafa, southwest of Nazareth. The Franciscans pilgrimage on July 25 to Yafa and have there the Holy Mass.

House of Zebedee in Jerusalem. In David Street at the covered shops (bazars), two streets run south, three run north, and in an elbow of David Street is a structure called Kahwat el Umdan (Café of the Columns). There four roughly constructed arches rising from massive columns form a structure similar to that of a church. In medieval times, some suggested it to be a church, built over the site of the house of Zebedee, who had a fish-shop here. In reality the structure is a vaulted cross-point of streets.

Zebedee and Thaddee, companions of Saint Angel. They are mentioned in the 9th century. (AA.SS. May 13).

Zebennos, bishop of Eleutheropolis. The historian Sozomenos (died about 450) mentions that the relics of the prophets Habakkuk and Micah were found by bishop Zebennos in the year 385. The relics of Habakkuk were found at Celia; the relics of Habakkuk were discovered at Berathatia. Both places were in the bishopric of Eleutheropolis (Beit-Gebrin). (Sozomenos, PG 67, 1506)

Zebina. She was martyred in Beit-Gebrin in 308. (Eusebius)

Zebinus, St., together with Antonius and Germanus. They were decapitated in Caesarea, Palestine, in 308 by governor Firmilianus (Memory on Nov 13 in Mart. Rom.)

Zebulon. He was the son of Jacob and Leah, and one of the 12 tribes of Israel. Zebulon was the tribe of the Judge Elon (Jdges 12, 11); the tribe of Zebulon was summoned by the Judge Gideon (Jdg 6, 35). The emblem of the tribe of Zebulon is a ship. The tribe had relations with sea-faring towns. The Gospel of Matthew (4, 13) sees in the appearance of Jesus on the mountains of Zebulon and of Naphtali the fulfillment of the prophecy of Isaiah 8, 23, about the restoration of Zebulon. - A tomb of Nebi Sebalan (Zebulon) is venerated in Hurfeish, a Druse village, about 30 Kms east of Nahariyya in Galilee. - Zebulon (Zabulon) as locality is identified by some with Cabul. Cabul is about 15 kms southeast of Acre. The bishop of Cabul was at the Council of Nicaea in 325. Conder (round 1875) identified the village Zabulon with Nebi Sebalan (Sebalon); some identified Zebulon with Ibellin (or Abelin), about 6 Kms south of Cabul (Kabul).

Zechariah (Zachariah), priest and father of John the Baptist. (Feast Nov 5, Mart. Rom). In the temple Zechariah received the vision of the angel Gabriel, who announced the birth of a son through Elisabeth, who was barren and advanced in years. (Luke 1, 5-80). In the village of Ain Karem, the church in the valley recalls the birth of John the Baptist. In the northern aisle, a staircase descends to the grotto of the birth. - To the west of the church was discovered a mosaicfloor with an inscription: Hail, martyrs of God. The text means perhaps John the Baptist and his father Zechariah. Indeed, the apocryphal Protoevangelium (23, 1-3) says that Herod the Great slew Zechariah in the temple, because he refused to reveal the hiding-place of his son, who was under two years. - Near the Latin shrine of the Visitation, on top of the hill is the Russian Monastery Mar Zakariya (Saint Zechariah), and on the slope is the compound of the Russian hermitage for nuns.

Tomb of Zechariah (Zachariah) in the Valley of Kidron. The tomb is a monolith detached from the rock. The roof of the monument has the shape of a pyramid. The monument is locally known as Qabr Zoje Faraoun (Tomb of the wife of Pharaoh).

Zechariah, prophet of the postexilic time. This Zechariah returned as an old man from the Babylonian exile, shortly before the dedication (515 BC) of the rebuilt temple. Zechariah is called the son of Berechiah in the Book Zechariah 1, 1. Therefore Zechariah is sometimes identified with the prophet who was killed between the temple and the altar (Mt 23, 35; Luke 11, 51). The Greek liturgy has his feast on Feb 8; the Armenians mention him on May 16, May 26.

Book of Zechariah. It is the l lth in the series of the 12 minor prophets. The book contains 8 nocturnal visions in the first 8 chapters. In the chapters 9 - 14 it contains prophecies about the restoration of Jerusalem and the land. The Ethiopian Synaxarium relates on Yakatit 15: Zechariah prophesied concerning the coming of the Lord into Jerusalem, riding upon an ass. And concerning the forty (sic) pieces of silver, which Judas received for the betrayal.... And when the days of his prophesying were ended, Zechariah died in peace and was buried in the graves of the prophets.

Zechariah, (feast Sept 4), the father of the Forerunner, has been confused sometimes with Zechariah, the son of Barachiah, who was killed between the temple and the altar (Mt 23, 35). Therefore the monolith-monument with the pyramidical roof is ascribed by some scholars to the man who found the death between the temple and the altar, several centuries before Christ.

Zedeklah, last king of Judah (597-587). He was installed by King Nebuchadnezzar. Zedekiah was warned and rebuked by prophet Jeremiah, who perhaps did not regard him as a legitimate king. Zedekiah revolted against the Babylonian vassalage. He was taken captive and abducted to Babylon.

Cave(s) of Zedekiah. See: Solomon's Quarries (or Royal Cave(s).

Zenais. She was martyred in Caesarea, Palestine. Feast June 5.

Zenais, Cyria, Valeria, Marcia, SS., martyrs at Caesarea, Palestine. The feast is on June 5 in the Roman Martyrology.

Zenais and Philonilla. These two sisters were relatives of Paul, and accepted his teaching. Greek synaxaries and the Palestinian-Georgian calendar have their feast on Oct 11. The Martyrologium Romanum also on Oct 11.

Zenas, one of the 70 disciples, bishop of Diospolis, according to the Greek list. The Rom. Mart. does not have this Zenas.

Zenas, the servant. Zenas, together with Zenon of Philadelphia in Arabia (now Amman) presented himself before Maximus the Goveror. Both were beheaded in 303 under Diocletian (284-313). The Greek liturgy has the feast on June 22.

Zeno, anchoret of Egypt. Feast on June 19. As a young man, he placed himself under the rule of Sylvanus at Scete (Egypt). Zeno went in pilgrimage to Palestine. He resisted to pick a melon in a field to appease his thirst. He returned to Scete, and died at the age of 62. Pelage, Vie des Pères. liv. V, libel. I, ch. 17).

Zeno, St., bishop of Majuma near Gaza. The AA.SS. have his death n 400; and his feast on Dec 25. The Mart. Rom. on Dec 26.

Zeno of Gaza, Martyr at Gaza, together with his brothers Nestabus and Eusebius. The three were martyred under Julian the Apostate 355-363). The Palestinian calendar has the feast on April 28; the Greek synaxaries on Sept 21, (or Sept 20, Sept 22). The Roman Martyrology has Eusebius, Nestabus and Zeno(n) on Sept 8. They were brothers, and were killed by the crowd.

Zenobius, architect for Emperor Constantine the Great at the building of the Basilica of the Holy Sepulchre. (Compare: Eustachius)

Zenobius, priest and martyr. He witnessed the martyrdom of Egyptian Christians in Tyre (Phoenicia) and was, together with the bishops Tyrannio, Silvanus, Peleus and Nilus, executed during the persecution of Diocletian (284-313). (Euseb. Hist. Eccl. VIII, 7)

Zenobius, teacher of rhetoric. He was born in Elusa. He went to Antioch and mentions Elusa in his letters between 356 and 359 CE. - Elusa (Khirbet Halutza) is about 20 Kms southwest of Beersheva. Elusa was in 358 the capital of Palestina Tertia (= the Negev), and it had a bishop, and a proper calendar.

Zenon, one of the 70 disciples, bishop of Diospolis (Lydda), according to the Greek list. Not in the Roman Martyrology. (See: Zenas)

Zenon of Choziba. Monk in the monastery of SS. John and George in the Wadi Qilt. Martyred during the Persian invasion of 614.

Zenon of Philadelphia. He served in the Roman army and decided to suffer martyrdom. Together with Zenas, his servant, he presented himself before Maximus the Governor and suffered martyrdom in 303 or 304. The Greek synaxaries commemorate on June 22 or June 23 the martyrdom of Zenon and of Zenas.

Zenon (or Zenun), the wonderworker. He went into the sanctuary (i.e. the temple) of Jerusalem to pray, came out and went to Imahus (Emmaus? Amwas?), to a holy man. And there was in that city a certain believer, who used to visit the old holy man and to bring him bread and water. The son of the believer died. The believer wrapped him in cloth, on the top of which he placed the old man's food. The believer found Abba Zenon with the old man. Abba Zenon raised the dead son. And then Zenon returned to his own habitation. Salutation to Zenon. (Ethiopian Syri. Yakatit 3)

Zenun = the Ethiopian name for Zenon.

Zephaniah, prophet. (Latin name Sofonias). The memory is on Dec 3 in the Rom. Mart. Zephaniah is the 9th in the 12 minor prophets. His book Zephaniah is dated in the first part of the reign of king Josiah (640-609 BC). His description of the day of Jahweh has influenced the popular image of 'Judgment Day' through the medieval hymn Dies lrae. The 'Vitae Prophetarum' tells us that Zephaniah was from the tribe of Simeon, and had lived and was buried in the field Sabaratha. This place is perhaps the village Birath Satia, where in 385 were discovered the remains of Prophet Micaiah. (Jerernias J. HeiligengrAber, S. 87) - Zephaniah (Saphonyas) is 'saluted' in the Eth. Syri. on Hamle 4.

Zeppelin, Graf von Zeppelin. This builder of the Zeppelin-dirigible, started from Friedrichshafen on March 25, 1929. He overflow Jerusalem on March 26, 1929, (Tuesday of the Holy Week) at 7, 15 in the afternoon. Paul Loebe, president of the Reichstag, was a passenger in the dirigible. - On Saturday, April 11, 1931, round 11 in the forenoon, the dirigible Zeppelin overflow Jerusalem and circled about the Holy Sepulchre, the Consulate of Germany and St. Saviour's Church.

Zerboni da Zelbio (Padre Mansueto), Italian. Ex-cleric. He assumed the habit of Penitence at Dongo on April 1644; he was ordained a priest. He went to the Holy Land. He died at Jerusalem on Oct 6, 1669. (According to the Necrology, Mansueto died on Oct 3, 1669)

Zerboni Eusebio, Franciscan. He was born at Veleso (Como), North Italy, in 1605. At the General Chapter of Toledo (Spain), he was elected 'Guardian of Mount Sion and Custos of the Holy Land' on June 8, 1658. He came to Jerusalem. He was nominated as bishop of Aquila in March 1662. Before he was consecrated a bishop, he died at Jerusalem on May 17, 1662. Father Arce mentions in a publication that the Zerboni emigrated from Spain to the region of the Lake Como in North Italy. - The grand-grandmother of Father Elpidius Pax (Wolfgang) had the name Zerboni. She emigrated in the 19th century from the region of Como to Silesia (then Austria-Hungary). Father Pax is the author of 'in the Footsteps of Christ' and 'in the Footsteps of Paul’and 'With Jesus in the Holy Land'.

Zieliensky-T. This Polish sculptor represented the Fall of Jesus under the Cross (3rd Station) and The Meeting of Jesus with His Mother (4th Station). The renovation at these two Chapels was done with offerings from the Polish people. (Compare Pietruszka Mgr.)

Zippori (Sepphoris; Roman-Byzantine Diocaesarea). It is not mentioned in the Bible, but tradition has it that it was the home of St. Anne. - The Franciscans bought the ruins of the Crusader Church in 1841, but got possession of them only in 1870.

Zoe, adulteress, Bethlehem, round 400. (AA.SS. Feb 13)

Zosimas, anchoret. He was a native of Palestine. At five he was sent to a monastery. At thirty-five he was ordained a priest. For many years he inhabited the monastery of John the Baptist at the River Jordan. In this monastery it was the custom at the beginning of the Lent for the monks to enter the wilderness of Judaea. It was on such an occasion that Zosimas met Mary the Egyptian. She received the sacraments from him in 422. Zosimas died in peace in 432. The Mart. Rom. mentions him on April 4; Greek liturgy also on April 4.

Zosimus. In the so-called Bath of Jesus at Bethlehem an inscription has: 'O Lord, remember your servants Zosimus, Theodosia and Kallis'. (See: Theodosia)

Zosimus-inscription at Beth-Shean. In the hall of the Monastery of Our Lady in Beth-Shean the entrance is paved with a Greek inscription: 'An offering (?) on behalf of the memory and perfect rest in Christ of Zosimus, Illustrious, and the preservation and succour of John, the most glorious ex-prefect, and of Peter and Anastasius, Christ-loving Counts, and of all their blessed house, through the prayers of the Saints. Amen'.

Zosimus, wonderworker, in Palestine. Blessed. He was famous for his miracles under Emperor Justinian. (Mart. Rom. memory Nov 30) He travelled from Tyre to Ptolemais (Acre). He came at Alexandroschene (Tent of Alexander) in Lebanon. There an lion devored the ass which transported the luggage. Zosimus orders the lion to carry the luggage. (Legend is told by Nicephore Callixt in the 14th cent.)

Zosimus. Memory of Zosimus and other naked saints, on April 6 in the Palestinian-Georgian calendar. Perhaps he is confused with Zosimas, who buried Mary, the Egyptian, and who is mentioned on April 3 or 4.

Zoticus, martyr. Together with Severianus, Eusebius, and Victor, he witnessed the martyrdom of St. George of Lydda and was converted. Subsequently, Zoticus was beheaded during the Diocletian persecution (284-313). (in the Greek liturgy on April 22).

Zoticus, orphanotrophus, 4th cent. Rom. Mart. on Dec 30; in the Greek synaxaries and in the Palestinian-Georgian cal. on Dec 31.

Zovadzin. See: Hovagin, Armenian patriarch.

Zozimus from Cilicia, bishop of Babylon. He went to Gaza and to Mount Sinai in the 6th cent. (Vita ex Prato Spirituali Joh. Moschi) (AA.SS. Jan 26)

Zuallart Jan. He was judge in Ath (Belgium), he visited Palestine, and wrote about it in 1586.

Zuaze, martyr. Compare: Alexander John.


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