A. Mertens, "Who was a Christian in the Holy Land?" - Encyclopedia

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Obadiah. St., Prophet. (Latin name is Abdias). Post-exilic Hebrew prophet. The book of the prophet Obadiah is the shortest one in the Old Testament; it is a single chapter of twenty-one verses. The text suggests that Obadiah probably lived in the 5th century B. C., some time after the fall of Jerusalem (587). His oracle is directed against the Edomites, who moved up from the Dead Sea area and occupied the depopulated southern part of Judah, up to Hebron. - Hieronymus (Ep. 46, 13; Comm. in Abdiam, PL 25, 1099 B) mentions a tomb of Obadiah in Samaria.

Oboda. An inscription in Avdat (Oboda) mentions: 'All the friends of Oboda'. Oboda is a city in the Negev.

Oboda(s). (Abdat III, King (30-9 BC) of the Nabataeans, buried at Avdat, was a contemporary of King Herod the Great. The Nabataeans erected numerous caravan cities.

Odoric of Frioul. He mentions on Mount Sion the church of St. Saviour, which was Domus Caiphae... and there is a part of the column to which Jesus was tied during the flagellation (= scourging). There also Peter thrice denied Christ. There is also a big stone on the altar. This stone was first on the tomb of the Saviour. This rolling stone - according to tradition - was salvaged by the Armenians from the Holy Sepulchre after the Khawarismian Turks in 1244 had smashed it into pieces. (Laurent, p. 150, 152) (Compare: Nicolas de Martoni)

Odoric of Pordonone (1265-1331) Franciscan. Was in the Holy Land 1313, 1314, 1330 (AA.SS. Jan 14, Odoricus de Foro-Julii).

Oecumenical Patriarch (Ecumenical). John W, the Faster, (582-595) Patriarch of Constantinople, took the title of Oecumenical Patriarch, and maintained this title in spite of the rebuke by Pope Gregory I (of Rome) (590-604).

Ohannesian. This Armenian family of potters had worked for centuries in Kutahia (Turkey). After World War I (1914-1918) the family came to Jerusalem for decorating with tiles the Dome of the Rock.

Olat St., King of Norway. He is painted (repair of 1169) on a column in the Basilica of the Nativity. (Compare Catald)

Oldegarius, Saint. Round 1120 or 1130. He favoured the Templars. (Vita S. Oldegarii, c. V, n. 45) The Acta Sanctorum mention him on March 6. - In the 'Vita S. Oldegarii, c. III, n. 17' is mentioned: Bernardus de Sederaco desisted from the first Crusade (1096-1099).

Oldfield, Major. English. He died 1799. In the wall of the Greek Orthodox Church of St. George in Acre, he has a memorial tablet.

Oliphant Lawrence. He was born in 1829 in South Africa. He settled in November 1882 in the German-American Temple Society colony outside Haifa. He gave support to Palestinian Jews. He died during a visit in England in 1888, at the age of 59 years. He was buried at Twickenham. He wrote 'The Land of Gilead'; it expresses the Christian encouragement for the Jewish Restoration to Palestine. In the village Daliya of the Druse, on the range of Mount Carmel, a house in the main street was occupied from 1882 to 1887 by Sir Lawrence Oliphant. N. Imber, the composer of 'Hatikva' (The Hope), the Jewish national anthem, was his secretary. To the memory of Lady Oliphant, who died there, Sir Lawrence erected a marble pillar with the inscription of Song of Songs (5, 2): 'I sleep, but my heart waketh'.

Oliverius, St. Pilgrim. (fabulous). AA.SS. May 27, 3th century.

Olympas, one of the 70 disciples, in the Greek list.

Omri (876. 869) king and father of King Ahab. Omri lived at Tirzah. Tirzah is perhaps to be identified with Tell el Farah, excavated by Ecole Biblique of Jerusalem. Omri bought the hill of Samaria in the 6th year of his reign and moved to Samaria. Omri was disapproved by the prophet Micah (Mi 6, 16).

Onesimus. He was a slave of Philemon of Colosse, who ran away. He met Paul at Rome and was converted to Christianity. Paul sent him back to Philemon with a letter of recommendation to receive him. The Greek Church has his feast on Feb 15; the Rom. Mart. on Feb 16.

Onesimus, the wonderworker. He was born in Caesarea, Palestine, and lived in the beginning of the 4th century. He entered monastic life in Ephesus. Later he established a monastery at Magnesia, where he died. He performed many miracles. (Greek liturgy has his feast on July 14).

Onesiphorus, one of the 70 disciples, bishop of Cornaea, Achaia, in the Greek list. The Roman Martyrology has on Sept 6: 'in the Hellespont, St Onesiphorus, a disciple of the Apostles'. He is named in the letter of St. Paul to Timotheus (2 Tim 4, 19: 'Greet Prisca and Aquila, and the household of Onesiphorus.' - Deposit of relics of Onesiphorus, in the Church of the Apostles, on the Mount of Olives: May 9.

Onuphrius, St. hermit of Egypt. He never visited the Holy Land. In the monastery near Hakeidama, there is an old icon of Onuphrius, represented with his long beard. His feast is on June 12.

Ophel-Hill in Jerusalem. There excavated: Guthe in 1881-82; Schick in 1882; Parker in 1911; Weill in 1913 and 1923; Macalister and Duncan in 1923-25; Crowfoot in 1927. 28; An Israeli team since 1978.

Ophtalmic Hospital of St. John. See: Watson.

Orestes, patriarch of Jerusalem, died circa 1012. See Hieremias.

Orfali Gaudence, Franciscan Father. He was born at Nazareth. He discovered at Gethsemane the Byzantine Church in the Garden of Agony, round 1920. He restored the synagogue at Capharnaum in 1926, as it remembered by an inscription on a column. He was killed in an accident in 1926.

Origen. Born, probably at Alexandria, 184 or 185, died probably at Tyre, 253 or 254. Round 218 he visited Palestine, where the bishops Theoctistus of Caesarea and Alexander of Jerusalem invited him to preach, though he was still a layman. He was ordained a priest in 230 by bishop Theoctistus of Caesarea. Origen began to teach at the school of Caesarea in Palestine (231 to 233). The persecution of Decius (249-251) put an end to his activities in 250, when he was imprisoned and tortured. On the death of Emperor Decius, he was set free. He died at the age of 69 years.

Orlandos. He was in 1958 the architect for the Greek community in repairing the Basilica of the Holy Sepulchre at Jerusalem.

Orléans in France. See: Aurelianenses.

Orthodox Church. The 4 Eastern Patriarchates (Constantinople, Alexandria, Antioch, Jerusalem) with the Slav Churches, constitute the Orthodox Church.

Osha, Arabic name for Hosea, the prophet.

Ottocharus II, marchio Stirensis. He came to Palestine round 1112, he died at Jerusalem. (AA.SS. July 27)


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