A. Mertens, "Who was a Christian in the Holy Land?" - Encyclopedia

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Kabatnik Martin of Bohemia (1493). He writes: 'The Franciscans went with me near Bethlehem to a grotto, which was without being cut in the rock. It could be seen that on the rock was in former times a tower. ' (Z. D. P. V. T. XXI, 1898, S. 50-51) - The text refers to the actual Shepherds' Field of the Latins.

Kaleb, king of Ethiopia. He lived at the time that the Jews killed round 523 the Christians in the city of Najran in South Arabia. He wrote a letter to Abba John, archbishop of Jerusalem, asking him to hang the crown above the doors of the Tomb of our Lord. And after this, he went into a monastery and died in peace. He is saluted by the Ethiopian Synaxarium on the 20th day of the mont Genbot (May 6-June 4) - (Compare: Arethas in Nairan).

Kallis. An inscription found at the so-called Bath of Jesus in Bethlehem (a grotto east of the grotto of Nativity, outside the Basilica) mentions: 'O Lord, remember your servants Zosimo, Theodosia and Kallis'. (This grotto is not open to visitors).

Kalmon (Kalamon, Calamon = reed): monastery on the westside of the river Jordan.

Kalmon, place with a monastery in Egypt.. The Ethiopian Synaxarium mentions on Khedar 14, the consecration of the church in the monastery of Kalmon. (Which Kalmon?)

Karolus Bonus, afterwards Count of Flanders. (AA.SS. March 2) see Charles the Pious (1119-1127).

Karpus, one of the 70 disciples. He was bishop of Verria in Macedonia, according to the Greek list. The Roman Martyrology has on Oct 13: Karpus (Carpus), near Troas in Asia Minor, who was a disciple of St. Paul. - Paul writes to Timotheus (2 Tim 4, 13): 'When you come, bring the cloak that 1 left with Karpus at Troas'. The Melkite liturgy venerates Karpus on May 26.

Kaspar (Caspar), one of the three Kings (Magi). Kaspar represents actually the black king of the Moors.

Kathleen: See Kathleen Kenyon.

Kaufmann Maur, (1871-1949). This Benedictine Father was from the Abbey of Maria-Laach in Germany. He became in 1926 the first abbas of the Dormition Abbey in Jerusalem. - Kaufmann died at Jerusalem on Feb 28, 1949.

Kayl, see Cain.

Kedus, see Abba Gabra.

Keffenbrink-Ascheranden. This German Baroness donated money to the Leper Hospital in Jerusalem. This Leper Hospital is now on the road Ramallah to Bir Zeit on the Mount of Star (Sternberg).

Kelso. He excavated Bethel (Beitin) in 1950 and 1954-1960.

Kennedy John. Born in 1917. On Jan 20, 1961 he was sworn in as the first Catholic to be elected president of the U.S. On November 22, 1963 President John Kennedy was shot by a sniper in the streets of Dallas. - The Kennedy Memorial on top of a hill in Jerusalem is designed in the symbolic shape of a tree stump. The monument recalls the death of President John Kennedy and of his younger brother Senator Robert Kennedy.

Kennedy Robert, Senator. He visited the Holy Land, together with his wife, in 1968. Some weeks later he was killed on June 5, 1968 in Los Angeles. The murderer, Sirhan Sirhan, was an Arab who had lived in Taybeh, the Biblical Ephraim.

Kenyon Kathleen, Miss. English. She excavated in Samaria from 1931 to 1935. She excavated at Jericho from 1952-58. She explored the Ophel-hill in Jerusalem between 1961 and 1967. She was for 15 years director of the British School of Archaeology in Jerusalem.

Kerkhofs Louis Joseph, 88th bishop of Liège (Belgium). Born at Valmeer in 1878 - died Dec 31, 1962. He visited the Holy Land, together with Naveau L. He wrote on July 27, 1948 an episcopal letter on the situation in the Holy Land, he organised an 'oecuménisme de charité (ecumenism of charity)'. He became honour-citizen of Nazareth.

Kerykos. A Greek inscription on the lintel above the entrance of a Byzantine edifice survives at Migdal-Tsedek. 'Martyrion of Saint Kerykos'. According to Christian tradition, Kerykos is a boy martyr, who together with his mother was put to death by the Romans in the 4th century. Migdal-Tsedek (Migdal Aphek, Mejdal Yaba) is on the railway Lod-Haifa.

Khadoori Eli, Sir, of Hongkong. He donated during the British Mandate (1917-1948) funds to the Agricultural College of Anabta near Tulkarm.

Khoury Joseph. This Arab gentleman received the Croix de Commandeur 'Pro Merito Melitensi' (Order of Malta) in 1977 for his help to the proposed Bethlehem University Boys' Residence. The ground-breaking ceremony for this residence took place on May 5, 1977 on the site of Tantur.

Kibûs, dêr mâr kibûs, convent of the Holy Kibus (Procopius?). Such was the name of a convent on the Mount of Evil Counsel, at the time of the Crusaders. (Williarn of Tyre, VIII, 4. 1 Röhricht, Regesta S. 143, 147).

King Martin Luther. He was murdered in the United States of America. A J(ewish) N(ational) F(und)-forest is named after him near Kafr Cana in Galilee. - He was eager to come on pilgrimage to the Holy Land with 5000 pilgrims. But he was killed in 1968.

King Alphonsus X, the Wise, of Spain (1221-1284). He legated by testament that his heart should be buried at Jerusalem.

Kirubel, archangel. See Afnin.

Kish, the father of King Saul. The tomb of Kish is at Zela (Khirbet Salah) a city of Benjamin, 2,5 Kms northwest of Jerusalem. (2 Sam 21) In the tomb of Kish, David afterwards buried Saul, and his son Jonathan, and the two sons of Rizpah, and the five sons of Merab.

Kitchener, Lord. He was born in 1850. He was sent by England to Palestine to make a geographical survey of that country. He tried in 1885 to save General Gordon from the beleaguered Khartoum in Sudan. Kitchener died in 1916, when the cruiser 'Hampshire' was touched by a mine.

Kjaer W, Danish. He was the director of the excavations at Shiloh in 1926-1929.

KIéber. This French general of Napoléon began the battle against the Mameluks on April 2, 1799 at Cana, and gained the victory on April 8. (Compare: Junot) KIéber was rescued by Napoléon in the battle of Afuleh, southwest to Mount Tabor on April 16, 1799. (Battle of Mount Tabor).

Knight of Heppeneert with the playcards. He was the son of Count Wolfram of Heppeneert and of his Bessarabian, wife Odilia. She had converted from the Midas-religion to the Christian faith. Count Wolfram of Heppeneert had found this bride during the crusade.

Kodratus, servant of Alexandra, the wife of Emperor Diocletian. Kodratus was killed with Alexandra. (Greek liturgy, April 21) - Diocletian was emperor from 284 till 305. He died in 313.

Kohl. He, together with the German archaeologist Watzinger, investigated the site of Capharnaum in 1905.

Kol, bishop of Linköping, chancellor of Sweden. As a penitent he arrived in Palestine in 1196. (Chronique épiscopale rimée). He obtained from the Holy See privileges for the church of Linkoping. This church considers him as a saint.

Kolland Engelbert. The apse in the chapel of the Austrian Hospice, opposite the 3th Station on the Via Dolorosa, has a mosaic. It represents the martyr St. Nicholas Tavelic kneeling, and the martyr Kolland Engelbert standing. Both bear the palmbranch in the right hand. The apse on the right side has a cartouche. It mentions Engelbert Kolland, born in 1827 at Ramsau in Tyrol, martyred in Damascus 1860. On the cartouche he is called Venerabilis Servus Dei. His beatification was in 1926, and from then he has the title Blessed.

Konon. He is mentioned by St. Neophytus. Konon was a contemporary of the Holy Apostles. He was a bishop in Cyprus and performed miracles. During the persecution of the first century, he was martyred. The Greek liturgy has his feast on March 5 and March 6.

Konon of Penthukla. (Greek liturgy on Feb 9). He was born in Cilicia and went to Palestine, where he became a monk in the Penthukla Monastery near the River Jordan. He baptized people in the Jordan. He died at Jerusalem in 555. (AA.SS. Feb 19)

Konon the Gardener. (Greek liturgy, March 5). He lived during the Decian persecutions (249-251). He was from Nazareth in Palestine. He was a gardener, he confessed his christian faith before Puplius the Governor. Konon was arrested in Pamphylia, Asia Minor, in 249. He claimed to be a member of the family of Jesus Christ of Nazareth. The Palestinian-Georgian calendar has his feast on March 6. In the Basilica of the Annunciation in Nazareth, an inscription refers to a 'Konon'.

Konon, the Isaurian. He was a native of Nazareth in Galilee. Under Emperor Decius (249-251) on order of president Publius he was obliged to run before a car. His strength was soon exhausted and the old man died. He was a gardener. (The Greek liturgy has his feast on March 5) To be identified with Konon, the Gardener.

Konon, the lconian, martyr. Georgian calendars have the feast on June 4 or June 5. Greek Synaxaries mention on June 5: Konon and Christopher. - This Konon, the lconian, is to be identified with Konon the Gardener, who was martyred in Magydos, Pamphylia, under Decius (248-251).

Konon's deposit. The lectionary of Latal has: Deposit of Konon and Thecla, on Sept 24; the lectionary of Paris venerates both on the Mount of Olives in Jerusalem.

Konon-inscription at Nazareth. A mosaic covers the western part of the Chapel of the Angel in the Basilica of the Annunciation at Nazareth. There is a Greek inscription in the mosaic. It reads:

PR - KONO
NOS - DIAK
IEROSOL
YMON.

The meaning is perhaps 'prosfora (gift) of Konon, deacon of Jerusalem.' (Bagatti B. Excavations in Nazareth. Vol 1, 1969, p. 100.) Is there relation with Konon, the Gardener?

Kopp Clemens. This priest had fled out of Germany from the Nazis to Jerusalem. He lived at the Schmidt Girls' College. He wrote 'Die Heiligen Statten der Evangelien' 1959. He died at Jerusalem.

Kopris. (Greek liturgy, Sept 24). He was born outside the monastery of St. Theodosius Coenobiarchos near Bethlehem and the monks of this monastery reared him. He finally became a monk and practised the ascetic life.

Kouyoumdjian François Louis (surnamed Brother Francis). He was born in 1904 at Sevas in Armenia. (Sevas is Sebaste, the town of the 40 Martyrs of Sebaste). His mother was killed by the Turks in World War I (1914-1918), when the Armenian christians were persecuted. François Louis was director of the College des Frères des Ecoles Chrétiennes. He died at Paris after a chirurgical intervention, in 1963.

Koykilides Kleopas. This Greek monk issued on March 4, 1897 (= February 20, 1897) the first publication on the Map of Madaba. The map was discovered in 1884.

Krafft Adam. This artist made round 1500 in Nürnberg (Germany) a Way of the Cross with 8 Stations: 1) Meeting of Jesus with His mother; 2) Simon helps; 3) Daughters of Jerusalem lament Jesus 4) Veronica wipes the face of Jesus; 5) Jesus falls under the Cross 6) Jesus laying under the Cross; 7) Crucifixion; 8) Jesus is laid in the arms of His mother.

Krikor (Gregory), Armenian Patriarch in Jerusalem in 1345.

Krikor (Gregory) Baronder, Armenian Patriarch in Jerusalem (1613-1645). Almost half of the present residential quarters of the Armenian monastery St. James in Jerusalem were built during his rule. A dispute between the Armenians and the Greek Orthodox over this monastery was settled in 1813 in favour of the Armenians by an edict of Sultan Mahmoud II.

Krikor, the Armenian sacristan. 'He sang prayers and lit lamps for forty years on the tomb of Christ'. This inscription is on a tombstone in the Armenian cemetery outside Sion Gate in Jerusalem.

Kriskes. One of the 70 disciples, bishop of Chalcedon (Greek list).

Krisirachs, servant of God. See: Hobert Krisirachs, died 1670.

Kyra of Veria, Syria. (Greek liturgy, Feb 28). She was born in Veria. She lived during the first half of the 5th century. Though of noble birth, she left the life of luxury and embraced the anchoretic life. She visited Jerusalem and also the church of St. Thecla in Isauria.


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