Pilgrims who visited the Holy Land between the IV and VII century

SOPHRONIUS OF JERUSALEM (ca. 600 A.D.)
The Crucifixion on the Lateran Reliquarium (6th Cent. A.D.)

The Crucifixion (Lateran Reliquarium)

This is one of the oldest representation of the Crucifixion and is done with a big scenary. Three crosses are erected on three different mounds or rocks. To the far left and right are the cosses for the two criminals, who were hanged with Jesus (Luke 23:39-43). Mary the mother of Jesus, dressed in a dark blue robe, stands (John 19:25-27) near her son's cross. John, apostle and evangelist, is also present holding a sacred book in his left hand. A man, to the right of Jesus' cross, holds a sponge on a reed giving vinegar to Jesus to drink (Matt 27:48; Mark 15:36; John 19:29). A soldier, to the left, is piercing with a spear the side of Jesus, from where blood and water came out at once (John 19:34). The Lord Jesus is fixed to the central cross, having the title written by Pilate over his head (John 19:20) and dressed with a decorated tunic because of special reverence and contrary to what is said in the gospel about the partition of his garments among the soldiers (John 19:23-24).

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Project, design, research and realization carried out by Eugenio Alliata ofm,
assistant professor of Christian Archaeology at SBF-Jerusalem.
Updated Thu, Dec 9, 1999 at 05:13 by John Abela ofm - Space by courtesy of Christus Rex
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