Pilgrims who visited the Holy Land between the IV and VII century

SOPHRONIUS OF JERUSALEM (ca. 600 A.D.)
The Holy City of Jerusalem. Panoramic view from the Mount of Olives

Panoramic view of Jerusalem

Mount Sion
The Temple Mount - detail
Getsemane - detail

Mount Sion, the southwestern hill of Jerusalem, is standing slightly higher than the rest of the city. The conic shape of the Benedictine Church of the Dormition (trespassing) of the Virgin Mary is visible on the extreme left of the photograph and marks the top of Mount Sion. Nearby is the Cenacle of our Lord. The city-walls contemporary to Sophronius, as well as those of the times of Jesus, encompassed all the top of the southern hill of Jerusalem. The Turkish rulers, in 16th century, left Mount Sion outside of the walls. Inside the walls lay the Armenian and the Jewish quarter, the latter having been extensively renovated in recent years. South of the silvered dome of the Al-Aqsa Mosque there is a large excavation area showing paved streets, private houses and religious buildings pertaining to the Byzantine and Arab Periods (6th-9th cent. A.D.). Some remains going back to biblical times were also exposed: like the 1st cent. steps leading to the main gates of the Holy Temple and a 9th cent. B.C. mansion of the Kings of Judah.

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Project, design, research and realization carried out by Eugenio Alliata ofm,
assistant professor of Christian Archaeology at SBF-Jerusalem.
Updated Thu, Dec 9, 1999 at 05:18 by John Abela ofm - Space by courtesy of Christus Rex
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