Pilgrims who visited the Holy Land between the IV and VII century

Illustrations 8a: The surroundings of Jerusalem (25-27)


Jesus raises Lazarus. Crusader painting (12th century AD). Our Saviour gestures towards his friend Lazarus, while the latter's sisters Martha and Maria look on and a servant removes the bandages from the man. This fresco is found on a large boulder inside the church of Betphage.

25. Jesus raises Lazarus

26. Jericho area 26.

The Jericho area, with its many shrines, is presented in full detail in the 6th century Madaba Mosaic map. At the top we see the river Jordan flowing into the Dead Sea. On its left shore is Bethabara with the church of St. John the Forerunner built on the traditional site of theBaptism of Christ. In another church, in Galgala (centre - left), the twelve stones taken from the Jordan are shown. At the bottom, a small river flows from the fountain of Elisaeus (left) to water the city of Jericho, visible among the palm trees.


A high percentage of salt (25%) makes the water of the Dead Sea unsuitable for any kind of animal or vegetal life. Here, according to the Bible, once flourished the five cities of Sodom, Gomorrah, Admah, Zeboiim, and Lasha (Gen. 10:19). They were all destroyed by a rain of brimstone and fire sent by God, because of the wickedness of their inhabitants (Gen. 19:24). The desolate aspect of its shores reminded the visitors of the wretched fate of Sodom.

27. The Dead Sea

back to the text

cyber logo footer
Please fill in our Guest book form - Thank you for supporting us!
Project, design, research and realization carried out by Eugenio Alliata ofm,
assistant professor of Christian Archaeology at SBF-Jerusalem.
Updated Thu, Dec 9, 1999 at 04:49 by John Abela ofm - Space by courtesy of Christus Rex
logo logo