Pilgrims who visited the Holy Land between the IV and VII century

Illustrations 6: From Caesarea to Jerusalem (16-18)


Caesarea, called also Palaestinae or Maritima to be distinguished from many other towns sharing the same name in the Roman Empire, was founded by Herod the Great and named after his patron Caesar Augustus in the 1st century BC. When Judaea was established as a Roman province in 6 AD, Caesarea became its administrative and military centre. This status was maintained during both the Roman and Byzantine Periods.

16. The Caesarea harbour

17. Palaestina on the Peutinger Map 17.

Palaestina on the Peutinger Map (Tabula Peuntingeriana - an 11th century copy of a 2nd century AD map of the Roman World). North is to the right. Roads are marked in red, names and distances in black. Maps like this must have been extremely useful to travelers like our anonymous pilgrim. As a matter of fact, almost every route taken by him is marked on the map, as are many geographical features like the river Jordan and the Dead Sea. The towns of Caesarea, Scytopolis, Neapolis, Jerusalem, Jericho are all denoted by a pair of small towers.


View from the top of Mount Garizim showing:
(1) the ruins of the Hellenistic city and of the Samaritan place of worship in the foreground
(2) the Roman temple on the lower wooded peak, connectet to the town (Flavia Neapolis) by means of a long flight of steps
(3) Mount Ebal in the middleground
(4) the tomb of Joseph in the valley, among the houses (Balata)
(5) Jacob's well at the very foot of the mountain to the right.

18. Mount Garizim

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Project, design, research and realization carried out by Eugenio Alliata ofm,
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Updated Thu, Dec 9, 1999 at 04:49 by John Abela ofm - Space by courtesy of Christus Rex
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