MORE ANCIENT SOURCES
Josephus, Antiquities 1.8.3 (1st cent. A.D.)
(169) [Abram] dwelt in Hebron, which is a city seven years more ancient than Tanis of Egypt.
Egeria, Itinerarium 9 (381-384 A.D.)
Our whole journey on from there led through the land of Goshen, past vineyards (of grapes as well as balsam), orchards, well-kept fields, and many gardens. All the way the road followed the bank of the Nile past the extremely fertile farms which had once been the estates of the children of Israel, and really I do not think I have ever seen a landscape better kept than Goshen. From the City of Arabia we travelled for two days through the land of Goshen, and then we arrived at Tathnis, in the city which was once Pharaoh's capital, in which holy Moses was born. This district, as I have told you, was already known to me from the time when I visited Alexandria and the Thebaid, but we had to go back to the land of Goshen and on to Tathnis because I wanted to learn more about the places which the children of Israel visited on the way from Rameses to Sinai, the Mount of God. From Tathnis we went by the way I already knew, and arrived at Pelusium.
BYZANTINE ADMINISTRATIVE LISTS
Hierocles, Synecdemos 726:3-727:6 (7th cent. A.D.)
Province of Augustamnica Prima, 13 cities under a corrector: Rhinocorura, Ostracina, Casium, Pentaschoinon, Aphnaion, Gerra, the Tents, Pelusium, Sethroitis, Hephaestus, Panephusis, Tanis, Thmuis.
Georgius Cyprius, 685-700 (7th cent. A.D.)
Province of Augustamnica Prima: Pelusium, Setroithes, Tanis, Thmuis, Rhinocorura, Ostracine, Pentaschoinon, Casium, Aphnaion, Ephaestos, Panephysis, the Tents outside Gerra, the Tents inside Gerra, Thennesos.
Eudaemon, meletian (A.D. 325, 343)
Elias (A.D. 338)
Theodorus (A.D. 338)
Hermion (A.D. 362)
Apollonius (A.D. 449, 451)
Paulus (A.D. 458)
Mark, coptic (A.D. 799)
Isaac, coptic (A.D. 831)
Demetrius, coptic (A.D. 831/49)
? (A.D. 933/40)
Mennas, coptic (A.D. 979/1003)
Symeon, coptic (A.D. 1047)