MORE ANCIENT SOURCES
Josephus, War 4.11.5 (1st cent. A.D.)
[Titus] passed over the mouths of the Nile at Pelusium; he then proceeded one station over the desert, and pitched him camp at the temple of the Casian Jupiter,3 and on the next day at Ostracine. This station had no water; but the people of the country make use of water brought from other places. (662) After this he rested at Rhinocolura, and from thence he went Raphia, which was his fourth station. This city is the beginning of Syria. For his fifth station, he pitched his camp at Gaza; (663) after which he came to Ascalon, and thence to Jamnia, and after that to Joppa, and form Joppa to Cesarea, having taken a resolution to gather all his other forces together at that place.
BYZANTINE ADMINISTRATIVE LISTS
Hierocles, Synecdemos, 726:3-727:6 (7th cent. A.D.)
Province of Augustamnica Prima, 13 cities under a corrector: Rhinocorura, Ostracina, Casium, Pentaschoinon, Aphnaion, Gerra, the Tents, Pelusium, Sethroitis, Hephaestus, Panephusis, Tanis, Thmuis.
Georgius Cyprius, 685-700 (7th cent. A.D.)
Province of Augustamnica Prima: Pelusium, Setroithes, Tanis, Thmuis, Rhinocorura, Ostracine, Pentaschoinon, Casium, Aphnaion, Ephaestos, Panephysis, the Tents outside Gerra, the Tents inside Gerra, Thennesos.
Lampetius (A.D. 431)