Ancient Sources

Places of Ascalon, Gaza, Negev, Sinai


132. Casium - (Ras Qasrun, al-Qeis)

ORIGINAL TEXTS

A Pelusio Chabriae castra, Casius mons, delubrum Iovis Casii, tumulus magni Pompei.
(
Plinius, Historia Naturalis, V,14)


ENGLISH TRANSLATION

Plinius, Historia naturalis V,14 (1st cent. A.D.)
After Pelusium come the camp of Chabrias, Mount Casius the temple of Juppiter Casius, and the tomb of Pompey the Great.

No biblical text available
MORE ANCIENT SOURCES

Josephus, War 4.11.5 (1st cent. A.D.)
[Titus] passed over the mouths of the Nile at Pelusium; he then proceeded one station over the desert, and pitched him camp at the temple of the Casian Jupiter,3 and on the next day at Ostracine. This station had no water; but the people of the country make use of water brought from other places. (662) After this he rested at Rhinocolura, and from thence he went Raphia, which was his fourth station. This city is the beginning of Syria. For his fifth station, he pitched his camp at Gaza; (663) after which he came to Ascalon, and thence to Jamnia, and after that to Joppa, and form Joppa to Cesarea, having taken a resolution to gather all his other forces together at that place.


BYZANTINE ADMINISTRATIVE LISTS

Hierocles, Synecdemos, 726:3-727:6 (7th cent. A.D.)
Province of Augustamnica Prima, 13 cities under a corrector: Rhinocorura, Ostracina, Casium, Pentaschoinon, Aphnaion, Gerra, the Tents, Pelusium, Sethroitis, Hephaestus, Panephusis, Tanis, Thmuis.

Georgius Cyprius, 685-700 (7th cent. A.D.)
Province of Augustamnica Prima: Pelusium, Setroithes, Tanis, Thmuis, Rhinocorura, Ostracine, Pentaschoinon, Casium, Aphnaion, Ephaestos, Panephysis, the Tents outside Gerra, the Tents inside Gerra, Thennesos.


EPISCOPAL CITY

Bishops' list
Lampetius (A.D. 431)

ICONOGRAPHIC PARALLELS

Tabula Peutingeriana
(4th cent. A.D.)
Cassis

Umm al Rasas: Church of St. Stephen
(8th cent. A.D.)
To Kasin

Map Section 9 Place Discussion

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Created Saturday, December 16, 2000 at 13:48:12
by Eugenio Alliata ofm in collaboration with Stefano de Luca ofm
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copyright - Studium Biblicum Franciscanum - Jerusalem 2000