Ancient Sources

The Sea-coast



94. Jabneel, which is also Jamnia - (Yabneh)

ORIGINAL TEXTS


Iamnel in tribu Iudae. Est usque hodie oppidum Palaestinae Iamnia inter Diospolim et Azotum.
(Jerome 106:20-21)


ENGLISH TRANSLATION

Eusebius, Onomasticon 106:20-21 (ca. 295 A.D.); Jerome 106:20-21 (ca. 390 A.D.)
Iamnia [Iamnel] (Jos 15:11 LXX), in the tribe of Judah, and to this day there is a townlet of Palestine called Jamnia between Diospolis and Azotus.

BIBLICAL BACKGROUND

Josh 15:1.11 The boundaries of Judah
The lot for the tribe of the people of Judah according to their families reached southward to the boundary of Edom, to the wilderness of Zin at the farthest south... the boundary goes out to the slope of the hill north of Ekron, then the boundary bends around to Shikkeron, and passes along to Mount Baalah, and goes out to Jabneel; then the boundary comes to an end at the sea.


Judith 2:27-27 The Holofernes' advance
Then he [Holofernes] went down into the plain of Damascus during the wheat harvest, and burned all their fields and destroyed their flocks and herds and sacked their towns and ravaged their lands and put all their young men to the sword.
So fear and dread of him fell upon all the people who lived along the seacoast, at Sidon and Tyre, and those who lived in Sur and Ocina and all who lived in Jamnia. Those who lived in Azotus and Ascalon feared him greatly.

MORE ANCIENT SOURCES

Plinius, Historia Naturalis 5,13 (1st cent. A.D.)
Further along the coast is the region of Samaria, the free town Ascalon, Ashdod, the two towns named Iamnea, one of them inland; and the Phoenician city of Joppa.

Josephus, Antiquities 17.11.5 (1st cent. A.D.)
(321) And so much came to Herod's sons from their father's inheritance; but Salome, besides what her brother left her by his testament, which were Jamnia, Ashdod, and Phasaelis, and five hundred thousand [drachmae] of coined silver, Caesar made her a present of a royal habitation at Askelon; in all, her revenues amounted to sixty talents by the year, and her dwelling house was within Archelaus's government.

Talmud Babli, Rosh ha-Shanah 31a-b (5th cent. A.D.)
Correspondingly the Sanhedrin wandered to ten places of banishment, as we know from tradition, namely, from the Chamber of Hewn Stone to Hanuth, and from Hanuth to Jerusalem, and from Jerusalem to Jabneh, and from Jabneh to Usha, and from Usha to Shefar'am, and from Shefar'am to Beth She'arim, and from Beth She'arim to Sepphoris, and from Sepphoris to Tiberias.

Tosefta Berakot 2,6 (5th cent. A.D.)
Those who write [Torah] scrolls, phylacteries, and mezzuzot interrupt [their work] to recite the shema. But do not interrupt for the Prayer. Rabbi says, "Just as they do not interrupt [their work] for the prayer, so they do not interrupt for the recitation of the shema." Rabbi Haninah ben Aqabya says, "Just as they interrupt [their work] for the recitation of the shema, so they interrupt for the prayer." Said Rabbi Eleazar ben Rabbi Sadok, "When Rabbi Gamaliel and his court were in Yavneh, and preoccupied with communal needs, they did not interrupt [their work] so as not to divert their attention."


BYZANTINE ADMINISTRATIVE LISTS

Hierocles, Synecdemos, 721:1-11 (7th cent. A.D.)
Province of Palaestina Prima, 22 cities under a consularis: Cesarea, Dora, Antipatris, Diospolis, Azotos on the sea, Azotos inland, Eleuteropolis, Aelia which is also Jerusalem, Neapolis, [Livias], Sebaste, Anthedon, Diocletianopolis, Sycamazon, Ono, Sozousa, Ioppe, Gaza, Raphia, Ascalon, Gazaris, Betylion.

Georgius Cyprius, 997-1027 (7th cent. A.D.)
Province of Palaestina Prima, Aelia-Jerusalem, Caesarea, Dora, Antipatris, Diospolis wich is also Georgiopolis, Iamnia, Nicopolis, Ono, Sozousa, Ioppe, Ascalon, Gaza, Raphia, Anthedon, Diocletianopolis, Eleutheropolis, Neapolis, Sebaste, region of Amathous, region of Jericho, region of Livias, region of Gadara, Azotos Paralos, Azotos, Sycomazon, Bitylion, Tricomias, Toxos, Canstantiniac Salton, Geraritic Salton wich is also Barsamon.


ICONOGRAPHIC PARALLELS

Tabula Peutingeriana
(4th cent. A.D.)
Iamnia

Map Section 7 Place Discussion

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Created Saturday, December 16, 2000 at 13:21:51
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copyright - Studium Biblicum Franciscanum - Jerusalem 2000