Ancient Sources

The Sea-coast



91. The (place) of Saint Jonah - (Nabi Yunis)

ORIGINAL TEXTS

Quanquam alii iuxta Diospolim, id est, Liddam, eum et na-tum et conditum velint: non intelligentes hoc quod addi-tur, Opher, ad distinctionem aliarum Geth urbium perti-nere, que iuxta Eleutheropolim, sive Diospolim, hodie quoque monstrantur.
(Hieronymus, In Ionam, prol.)


ENGLISH TRANSLATION

Hieronymus, In Ionam, prol. (ca. 400 A.D.)
Though others maintain that he (Jonah) was born and buried near Diospolis, that is, Lod, not understanding that the addition "Opher" is meant to distinguish (Geth of Jonah) from the other cities of Geth, which are shown to this day near Eleutheropolis or Diospolis.

BIBLICAL BACKGROUND

Jonah 2:1-11 The fish vomited Jonah on to the shore
But the Lord provided a large fish to swallow up Jonah; and Jonah was in the belly of the fish three days and three nights. Then Jonah prayed to the Lord his God from the belly of the fish, saying,
"I called to the Lord out of my distress, and he answered me; out of the belly of Sheol I cried, and you heard my voice. You cast me into the deep, into the heart of the seas, and the flood surrounded me; all your waves and your billows passed over me. Then I said, 'I am driven away from your sight; how shall I look again upon your holy temple?' The waters closed in over me; the deep surrounded me; weeds were wrapped around my head at the roots of the mountains. I went down to the land whose bars closed upon me forever; yet you brought up my life from the Pit, O Lord my God. As my life was ebbing away, I remembered the Lord; and my prayer came to you, into your holy temple. Those who worship vain idols forsake their true loyalty. But I with the voice of thanksgiving will sacrifice to you; what I have vowed I will pay. Deliverance belongs to the Lord!"
Then the Lord spoke to the fish, and it spewed Jonah out upon the dry land.

Matt. 12:39-41 The sign of Jonah
But he answered them, "An evil and adulterous generation asks for a sign, but no sign will be given to it except the sign of the prophet Jonah. For just as Jonah was three days and three nights in the belly of the sea monster, so for three days and three nights the Son of Man will be in the heart of the earth.The people of Nineveh will rise up at the judgment with this generation and condemn it, because they repented at the proclamation of Jonah, and see, something greater than Jonah is here!

MORE ANCIENT SOURCES

Georgian Calendar, July 15 (11th cent. A.D.)
[Memory] of the prophet Jonah and of the conversion of Nineveh, fast three days and three nights.


Map Section 7 Place Discussion

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Created Saturday, December 16, 2000 at 13:20:48
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copyright - Studium Biblicum Franciscanum - Jerusalem 2000