Ancient Sources

Mountain of Judah and Shephelah


84. Eleutheropolis - (Bayt Jibrin)

ORIGINAL TEXTS

Deinde deviantes ad latus venimus in civitatem quae dicitur Eleutheropolis, in loco, in quo Samson cum maxilla asini occidit mille viros, ex qua fons processit, quae fons usque in hodiernum diem inrigat ipsa loca. Nam et ad locum, ubi exsurgit, fuimus.
(Anonymus Placentinus 32)


ENGLISH TRANSLATION

Anonymus Placentinus, Itinerarium 32 (ca. 570 A.D.)
From there we struck on a side road and came to the city called Eleutheropolis, which is where Samson killed a thousand men with the jawbone of an ass, from which a spring came forth which to this day provides water for the whole area, for we also visited the place where it rises.

No biblical text available
MORE ANCIENT SOURCES

Josephus, War 4.8.1 (1st cent. A.D.)
He [Vespasian] then destroyed that place [Bethletephon], and the neighboring places, by fire, and fortified, at proper places, the strongholds all about Idumea (447) and when he had seized upon two villages, which were in the very midst of Idumea, Betaris, and Caphartobas, he slew above ten thousand of the people, (448) and carried into captivity above a thousand, and drove away the rest of the multitude, and placed no small part of his own forces in them, who overran and laid waste the whole mountainous country.

Cyrillus Scythopolitanus, Life of Eutymius 57 (6th cent. A.D.)
A man, possessed by a satanic envy wanted to become master of the property of (a certain) Romanus. Having failed in his plan, he went to Eleutheropolis full of fury against Romanus, and applied to a sorcerer with the aim of causing the death of that man.


BYZANTINE ADMINISTRATIVE LISTS

Hierocles, Synecdemos 721:1-11 (7th cent. A.D.)
Province of Palaestina Prima, 22 cities under a consularis: Cesarea, Dora, Antipatris, Diospolis, Azotos on the sea, Azotos inland, Eleuteropolis, Aelia which is also Jerusalem, Neapolis, [Livias], Sebaste, Anthedon, Diocletianopolis, Sycamazon, Ono, Sozousa, Ioppe, Gaza, Raphia, Ascalon, Gazaris, Betylion.

Georgius Cyprius, 997-1027 (7th cent. A.D.)
Province of Palaestina Prima, Aelia-Jerusalem, Caesarea, Dora, Antipatris, Diospolis wich is also Georgiopolis, Iamnia, Nicopolis, Ono, Sozousa, Ioppe, Ascalon, Gaza, Raphia, Anthedon, Diocletianopolis, Eleutheropolis, Neapolis, Sebaste, region of Amathous, region of Jericho, region of Livias, region of Gadara, Azotos Paralos, Azotos, Sycomazon, Bitylion, Tricomias, Toxos, Constantiniac Salton, Geraritic Salton wich is also Barsamon.


EPISCOPAL CITY

Bishops' list
Jesus, called Iustus
Maximus (A.D. 325)
Aetius (A.D. 343, 346)
Theophilus (A.D. 360)
Eutychius, semi-arian (A.D. 359-363)
Turbo, semi-arian (A.D. 379-395)
Zebennus (A.D. 385, 415)
Gregorius (A.D. 518)
Anastasius (A.D. 536)
Oboedianus


ICONOGRAPHIC PARALLELS

Tabula Peutingeriana
(4th cent. A.D.)
Betogabri

Ma'in: Church of the Acropolis
(8th cent. A.D.)
[Eleuthero]poleis
Umm al Rasas: Church of St. Stephen
(8th cent. A.D.)
Eleutheropolis

Map Section 6 Place Discussion

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Created Saturday, December 16, 2000 at 13:17:08
by Eugenio Alliata ofm in collaboration with Stefano de Luca ofm
Webmaster: John Abela ofm - Space by courtesy of Christus Rex
copyright - Studium Biblicum Franciscanum - Jerusalem 2000