Ancient Sources

Mountain of Judah and Shephelah


65. Adiathim now Aditha - (al-Hadithah)

ORIGINAL TEXTS


Adithaim in sorte tribus Iudae. Dicitur autem et quaedam villa Adia iuxta Gazam, et alia Aditha circa Diospolim, quasi ad orientalem plagam respiciens.
(Jerome 25:29-31)


ENGLISH TRANSLATION

Eusebius, Onomasticon 24:24-25 (ca. 295 A.D.); Jerome 25:29-31 (ca. 390 A.D.)
Adithaim [Adiathaim] (Jos 15:36), in the tribe of Judah. Under this name goes a village near Gaza, Adia, and another, Aditha near Diospolis to the east.

BIBLICAL BACKGROUND

Jos 15:20-21.33-36 Cities of Judas
This is the inheritance of the tribe of the people of Judah according to their families. 21 The towns belonging to the tribe of the people of Judah in the extreme South, toward the boundary of Edom, were ...
... 33 And in the Lowland, Eshtaol, Zorah, Ashnah, 34 Zanoah, En-gannim, Tappuah, Enam, 35 Jarmuth, Adullam, Socoh, Azekah, 36 Shaaraim, Adithaim, Gederah, Gederothaim: fourteen towns with their villages.

1Mac 12:38 Simon's works
Simon also built Adida in the Shephelah; he fortified it and installed gates with bolts.

1Mac13:12-19 Trypho invades Judaea
Then Trypho left Ptolemais with a large army to invade the land of Judah, and Jonathan was with him under guard. 13 Simon encamped in Adida, facing the plain. 14 Trypho learned that Simon had risen up in place of his brother Jonathan, and that he was about to join battle with him, so he sent envoys to him and said, 15 "It is for the money that your brother Jonathan owed the royal treasury, in connection with the offices he held, that we are detaining him. 16 Send now one hundred talents of silver and two of his sons as hostages, so that when released he will not revolt against us, and we will release him."
17 Simon knew that they were speaking deceitfully to him, but he sent to get the money and the sons, so that he would not arouse great hostility among the people, who might say, 18 "It was because Simon did not send him the money and the sons, that Jonathan perished." 19 So he sent the sons and the hundred talents, but Trypho broke his word and did not release Jonathan.

MORE ANCIENT SOURCES

Josephus, Antiquities 13.6.5 (1st cent. A.D.)
(203) But Trypho removed from Ptolemais with a great army, and came into Judea, and brought Jonathan with him in bonds. Simon also met him with his army at the city Adida, which is upon a hill, and beneath it lie the plains of Judea. (204) And when Trypho knew that Simon was by the Jews made their governor, he sent to him, and would have imposed upon him by deceit and treachery, and desired, if he would have his brother Jonathan released, that he would send him a hundred talents of silver, and two of Jonathan's sons as hostages, that when he shall be released, he may not make Judea revolt from the king; for that at present he was kept in bonds on account of the money he had borrowed of the king, and now owed it to him. (205) But Simon was aware of the craft of Trypho; and although he knew that if he gave him the money he should lose it, and that Trypho would not set his brother free, and withal should deliver the sons of Jonathan to the enemy, yet because he was afraid that he should have a calumny raised against him among the multitude as the cause of his brother's death, if he neither gave the money, nor sent Jonathan's sons, he gathered his army together, and told them what offers Trypho had made, (206) and added this, that the offers were ensnaring and treacherous, and yet that it was more eligible to send the money and Jonathan's sons, than to be liable to the imputation of not complying with Trypho's offers, and thereby refusing to save his brother. Accordingly, Simon sent the sons of Jonathan and the money; (207) but when Trypho had received them, he did not keep his promise, nor set Jonathan free, but took his army and went about all the country, and resolved to go afterward to Jerusalem, by the way of Idumea, while Simon went over against him with his army, and all along pitched his camp over against his.


Map Section 5 Place Discussion

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Created Saturday, December 16, 2000 at 13:09:14
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copyright - Studium Biblicum Franciscanum - Jerusalem 2000