Ancient Sources

Mount Ephraim and Benjamin


35. Neapolis - (Nablus)

ORIGINAL TEXTS

Civitas Neapoli milia XV. Ibi est mons Agazaren: ibi dicunt Samaritani Abraham sacrificium obtulisse, et ascen-duntur usque ad summum montem gradi numero MCCC. Inde ad pedem montis ipsius locus est, cui nomen est Sechim. Ibi est monumentum, ubi positus est Ioseph in villa, quam dedit ei Iacob pater eius. Inde rapta est et Dina filia Iacob a filiis Amorreorum. Inde passus mille locus est cui nomen Sechar, unde descendit mulier Samaritana ad eundem locum, ubi Iacob puteum fodit, ut de eo aquam impleret, et dominus noster Iesus Christus cum ea locutus est; ubi sunt et arbores platani, quas plantavit Iacob, et balneus, qui de eo puteo lavatur.
(Itinerarium Burdigalense, 587-588)


ENGLISH TRANSLATION

Itinerarium Burdigalense, 587-588 (333 A.D.)
City of Neapolis - miles XV from Aser. Here is the Mount Gerizim. Here the Samaritans say that Abra-ham offered sacrifice, and one reaches the top of the mountain by steps, one thousand and three hundred in number. Beyond this, at the foot of the mountain itself, is a place called Sechim (Sichem). Here is a tomb in which Joseph is laid, in the 'parcel of ground' which Jacob his father gave to him (Jos 24:32). From thence Dinah, the daughter of Jacob, was carried off by the children of the Amorites (Gen 34:2). A mile from thence is a place named Sichar, from which the Samaritan woman came down to the same place in which Jacob dug the well, to draw water from it, and our Lord Jesus Christ talked with her (John 4:5-30); in which place are plane-trees, which Jacob planted, and a bath (baptistry) which is supplied with water from the well.

BIBLICAL BACKGROUND

Josh. 24:32 The bones of Joseph
And the bones of Joseph, which the children of Israel brought up out of Egypt, buried they in Shechem, in a parcel of ground which Jacob bought of the sons of Hamor the father of Shechem for an hundred pieces of silver: and it became the inheritance of the children of Joseph.

Gen. 34:2 The rape of Jacob's daughter Dinah
And when Shechem the son of Hamor the Hivite, prince of the country, saw her, he took her, and lay with her, and defiled her.

Joh 4:5-30 Jesus at Jacob's Well
So he came to a Samaritan city called Sychar, near the plot of ground that Jacob had given to his son Joseph. Jacob's well was there, and Jesus, tired out by his journey, was sitting by the well. It was about noon. A Samaritan woman came to draw water, and Jesus said to her, "Give me a drink."

MORE ANCIENT SOURCES

Itinerarium Burdigalense 586 (333 A.D.)
City of Neapolis (15 miles). Mount Gerizim is there, where according to the Samaritans, Abraham offered his sacrifice. There are leading to the top of the mountain.

Hieronymus, Ep.108 (Peregrinatio Paulae) 13 (385 A.D.)
She passed on to Shechem (not, as some wrongly take it, "Sychar"), now called Neapolis, and near Mount Gerizim she went into the church built round the Well of Jacob. This is where the Lord sat down, hungry and thirsty, and was refreshed by the faith of the woman of Samaria, who had left her five husbands, (the books of Moses) and the sixth whom she boasted she had (the error of Dositheus), and found the true Messiah and Saviour.

Anonymus Placentinus, Itinerarium 6 (ca. 570 A.D.)
From Tabor we went to the Sea of Tiberias, and the city which was once called Samaria, but its name is now Neapolis. In it is the well where the Lord asked the Samaritan woman for water. This well is in front of the altar-screen, and they have a bucket there which, it is said, is the very one from which the Lord drank. Many diseases are cured there.

Theodosius, De situ Terrae Sanctae 2 (ca. 530 A.D.)
From Bethsaida it is eighteen miles to Samaria, which is now called Neapolis.


BYZANTINE ADMINISTRATIVE LISTS

Hierocles, Synecdemos 721:1-11 (7th cent. A.D.)
Province of Palaestina Prima, 22 cities under a consularis: Cesarea, Dora, Antipatris, Diospolis, Azotos on the sea, Azotos inland, Eleuteropolis, Aelia which is also Jerusalem, Neapolis, [Livias], Sebaste, Anthedon, Diocletianopolis, Sycamazon, Ono, Sozousa, Ioppe, Gaza, Raphia, Ascalon, Gazaris, Betylion.

Georgius Cyprius, 997-1027 (7th cent. A.D.)
Province of Palaestina Prima, Aelia-Jerusalem, Caesarea, Dora, Antipatris, Diospolis wich is also Georgiopolis, Iamnia, Nicopolis, Ono, Sozousa, Ioppe, Ascalon, Gaza, Raphia, Anthedon, Diocletianopolis, Eleutheropolis, Neapolis, Sebaste, region of Amathous, region of Jericho, region of Livias, region of Gadara, Azotos Paralos, Azotos, Sycomazon, Bitylion, Tricomias, Toxos, Canstantiniac Salton, Geraritic Salton wich is also Barsamon.


EPISCOPAL CITY

Bishops' list
Germanus (A.D. 314, 325)
Terebinthus (A.D. 484)
Procopius (A.D. 518)
Mammona (A.D. 529)
John (A.D. 536)
N. (A.D. 808).


ICONOGRAPHIC PARALLELS

City coin
(160/1 A.D.)
Fl(avias) Neas Poleos Syrias Palaistines

Tabula Peutingeriana
(4th cent. A.D.)
Neapoli
Umm al Rasas: Church of St. Stephen
(8th cent. A.D.)
Charach Mouba
see also: 38. Sychar which is now Sycchora - ('Askar)
see also: 39. The (place) of Joseph - (Qabr an-Nabi Yusuf)
see also: 40. Sychem also Sikima and Salim - (Tell Balatah)
see also: 41. Here is Jacob's well
see also: 42. Tur Gobel (Mount Ebal) - (Jabal Islamiyah)
see also: 43. Tur (Mount) Garizin - (Jabal al-Tur)

Map Section 5 Place Discussion

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Created Saturday, December 16, 2000 at 12:53:43
by Eugenio Alliata ofm in collaboration with Stefano de Luca ofm
Webmaster: John Abela ofm - Space by courtesy of Christus Rex
copyright - Studium Biblicum Franciscanum - Jerusalem 2000