Ancient Sources

Mount Ephraim and Benjamin


34. Selo, where the ark stayed - (Kh. Saylun)

ORIGINAL TEXTS

Selo in tribu Efraim, in quo loco arca testamenti mansit et tabernaculum domini usque ad tempora Samuelis. Est autem in decimo miliario Neaspoleos in regione Acrabbitena. Sed et Iudae patriarchae filium Selom appellatum legimus. (Jerome 157:28-31)


ENGLISH TRANSLATION

Eusebius, Onomasticon 156,28-31 (ca. 295 A.D.); Jerome 157:28-31 (ca. 390 A.D.)
Shiloh (Jos 16:6) in the tribe of Ephraim. Here the ark of the testimony and the tabernacle of the Lord stayed at the beginning and until the days of Samuel. It is at the tenth milestone from Neapolis in the district of Acrabattene. But we read in the Scripture that one of the sons of Judah the patriarch was also called Shelah.

BIBLICAL BACKGROUND

Josh. 16:5-7 The territory of the Ephraimites
The territory of the Ephraimites by their families was as follows: the boundary of their inheritance on the east was Ataroth-addar as far as Upper Beth-horon, and the boundary goes from there to the sea; on the north is Michmethath; then on the east the boundary makes a turn toward Taanath-shiloh, and passes along beyond it on the east to Janoah, then it goes down from Janoah to Ataroth and to Naarah, and touches Jericho, ending at the Jordan.

1Sam 1:3 The pilgrimage to Shiloh
And this man went up out of his city yearly to worship and to sacrifice unto the Lord of hosts in Shiloh. And the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, the priests of the Lord, were there.

1Sam 4:4
The ark in Shiloh
So the people sent to Shiloh, that they might bring from thence the ark of the covenant of the Lord of hosts, which dwelleth between the cherubims: and the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, were there with the ark of the covenant of God.

MORE ANCIENT SOURCES

Josephus, Antiquities 5.1.19 (1st cent. A.D.)
So Joshua removed his camp to the mountainous country, and placed the tabernacle in the city of Shiloh, for that seemed a fit place for it, because of the beauty of its situation, until such time as their affairs would permit them to build a temple.

Hieronymus, Ep.108 (Peregrinatio Paulae) 13 (385 A.D.)
What shall I say of Shiloh. Its ruined altar can still be seen (Jer 7.12), and it is the place where the tribe of Benjamin foreshadowed Romulus and the rape of the Sabine women (Jud 21:16.24).

Teodosius, De situ Terrae Sanctae 4 (ca. 530 A.D.)
From Shiloh to Emmaus, which is now called Nicopolis it is nine miles.


Map Section 5 Place Discussion

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Created Saturday, December 16, 2000 at 12:53:13
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copyright - Studium Biblicum Franciscanum - Jerusalem 2000