Ancient sources

Moab and Edom

29. Charach Moba - (al-Karak)

ORIGINAL TEXTS


ENGLISH TRANSLATION

Theodoretus, In Isaiam 15,1 (5th cent. A.D.)
The Moabites take origin from Lot. Their metropolis is called now Charachmoba.

Hierocles, Synecdemos, 721:1-11
(7th cent. A.D.)
Province of Palaestina Tertia, 10 cities under a praeses: Petra, Augustopolis, Arindela, Charachmuba, Areo-polis, Zoara, Mampsis, Bitarous, Elusa, Salton.

Georgius Cyprius, 1043-1057 (7th cent. A.D.)
Province of Palaestina Tertia: Petra, Augustopolis, Arindela, Charachmoba, Areopolis, Mampsis, Elusa, Zoora, Salton, Berosaba (Beersheba), Aila, Pentakomia, Mampsara, Metrokomia, Salton Hieratikon.

BIBLICAL BACKGROUND

2 Macc 12:17 Judas Maccabeus comes to Charak
17 When they [Judas and his men] had gone ninety-five miles from there, they came to Charak, to the Jews who are called Toubians.


Isa 15:1-6; 16:7.11
Isaiah's oracle on Moab
1 An oracle concerning Moab. Because Ar is laid waste in a night, Moab is undone; because Kir is laid waste in a night, Moab is undone. 2 Dibon has gone up to the temple, to the high places to weep; over Nebo and over Medeba Moab wails. On every head is baldness, every beard is shorn; 3 in the streets they bind on sackcloth; on the housetops and in the squares everyone wails and melts in tears. 4 Heshbon and Elealeh cry out, their voices are heard as far as Jahaz; therefore the loins of Moab quiver; his soul trembles. 5 My heart cries out for Moab; his fugitives flee to Zoar, to Eglath-shelishiyah. For at the ascent of Luhith they go up weeping; on the road to Horonaim they raise a cry of destruction; 6 the waters of Nimrim are a desolation; the grass is withered, the new growth fails, the verdure is no more...
16:7 Therefore let Moab wail, let everyone wail for Moab. Mourn, utterly stricken, for the raisin cakes of Kir-hareseth... 11 Therefore my heart throbs like a harp for Moab, and my very soul for Kir-heres.

Jer 48:34-39 Ieremiah's oracle on Moab
34 Heshbon and Elealeh cry out; as far as Jahaz they utter their voice, from Zoar to Horonaim and Eglath-shelishiyah. For even the waters of Nimrim have become desolate. 35 And I will bring to an end in Moab, says the Lord, those who offer sacrifice at a high place and make offerings to their gods. 36 Therefore my heart moans for Moab like a flute, and my heart moans like a flute for the people of Kir-heres; for the riches they gained have perished.
37 For every head is shaved and every beard cut off; on all the hands there are gashes, and on the loins sackcloth. 38 On all the housetops of Moab and in the squares there is nothing but lamentation; for I have broken Moab like a vessel that no one wants, says the Lord. 39 How it is broken! How they wail! How Moab has turned his back in shame! So Moab has become a derision and a horror to all his neighbors.

BYZANTINE ADMINISTRATIVE LISTS

Hierocles, Synecdemos 717:8-719:11 (7th cent. A.D.)
Province of Palaestina Tertia, 10 cities under a praeses: Petra, Augustopolis, Arindela, Charachmuba, Areo-polis, Zoara, Mampsis, Bitarous, Elusa, Salton.

Georgius Cyprius, 1043-1057 (7th cent. A.D.)
Province of Palaestina Tertia: Petra, Augustopolis, Arindela, Charachmoba, Areopolis, Mampsis, Elusa, Zoora, Salton, Berosaba (Beersheba), Aila, Pentakomia, Mampsara, Metrokomia, Salton Hieratikon.


EPISCOPAL CITY

Bishops' list
Demetrius (A.D. 536)
John (VIII-IX cent. A.D.)


ICONOGRAPHIC PARALLELS

Ma'in: Church of the Acropolis
(8th cent. A.D.)
[Charach Mo]uba

Umm al Rasas: Church of St. Stephen
(8th cent. A.D.)
Charach Mouba


Map Section 4 Place Discussion

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Created Saturday, December 16, 2000 at 12:00:16
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copyright - Studium Biblicum Franciscanum - Jerusalem 2000