Places of Section 5

Mount Ephraim and Benjamin

40. Sychem also Sikima and Salim - (Tell Balatah)

On the left side of the black and burnt toponym there is a fairly clear vignette of Shechem. The type is "a door between two towers".


Shechem (Gen 12:6) or Salem, which in Greek and Latin is called Sikima, is the city of Jacob, now deserted. The place is shown at the outskirts of Neapolis near the place where the tomb of Joseph is pointed out. Abimelech razed it 'and sowed it with salt', as we read in the Book of Judges (Judg 9:45), and Jeroboam rebuilt it, as we read in the Book of Kings (1 Kings 12:25). It is located in the boundaries of the lot of Ephraim. And also the son of Hamor was called Shechem, and the place was named after him. There was also another Shechem, a city of refuge in the hill-country of Ephraim (Jos 20:7). (Eusebius, Onomasticon 150:1-7; Jerome 151:1-8)

Map Section 5 Ancient Sources Discussion


Photo: City-gate of ancient Shechem (Tell Balatah)

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Created Saturday, December 16, 2000 at 10:23:52
by Eugenio Alliata ofm in collaboration with Stefano de Luca ofm
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