95. Accaron, which is now Accara - (Tel Miqne - Tel el-Muqanna')
One of the lordships of the Philistines (Josh. 13:3), listed in one place as within the lot of Judah (Josh. 15:11, 45-6) but in another as within that of Dan (.Josh. 19:43). Despite the reference in Judges (1:18-19) it seems that the Israelites did not take Ekron in the early stages of the conquest. According to the Bible it was held by the Israelites in the time of Samuel (I Sam. 7:14), but after the defeat of Goliath the Philistines fled to the gates of Ekron (I Sam.
17:52). According to 2 Kings (1:2) there was a temple there, dedicated to Baal-Zebub. In 712 BC. Ekron was captured by Shalmaneser V of Assyria and in 701 BC by Sennacherib. It is not mentioned again until the Hellenistic period, when Alexander Balas granted Ekron and the villages around it to Jonathan the Hasmonean. From that time onwards it was in the Judean kingdom. It continued to be mentioned in sources of the late Roman period. Eusebius (Onom. 22:9) called Akaron 'a very large Jewish village', east of the road from Ashdod to Jabneh. The biblical and post-biblical towns are also portrayed on the Medaba map.
Ekron has been identified with several sites. Despite the similarity of its name to that of the Arab village of Aqir, this identification has definitely been ruled out. Today it is identified with Tel Miqneh (Khirbet el-Muhanna), northeast of Ashdod.
Avraham Negev (Ed.), The Archaeological Encyclopaedia of the Holy Land, ad v. "Ekron" (extract)
Herbert Donner (The Mosaic Map of Madaba, Kampen 1992, 64)
Ekron was one of the Philistine city territories, identical with Hirbat al-Muqanna, 14 km southeast of Yibna (Iamnia, no. 94). The remains of the Byzantine village were found 300 m. northwest of the Hirba.
For more sources and bibliography see:
Tabula Imperii Romani. Iudaea - Palaestina (Jerusalem 1994) s.v. "Accaron", 56.
Map Section 7 Place Sources