DISCUSSION

The Sea-coast

85. ... ira


Michael Avi-Yonah (The Madaba Mosaic Map, Jerusalem 1954, 61)
The Palmer-Guthe reproduction has only . . . IPA, but traces of another vertical stroke are visible in front of the I and allow us to complete as above. The identification suggested by Lagrange with Addara (On. 24, 3) is inadmissible, for this Addara belongs to the Thamnitice, and the Kh. Addara with which it is identified lies far out in the mountains to the east. The reading -ora enables us to complete BETHORA and to identify it with the mutatio Betthar of the Bordeaux pilgrim (ea. Geyer, p. 25), i.e. with modern et-Tire. The importance of this road station is indicated by the recently published papyri which contain the itinerary of a Byzantine official named Theophanes who visited Palestine early in the fourth century A.D. (M. Schwabe, Eretz-lsrael, 3, 1954, Cassuto Memorial Volume, pp. 181-8 [Hebrew]) The position of this site on the map north-west of Betomelgezis-Barniqiye is roughly correct.

Herbert Donner (The Mosaic Map of Madaba, Kampen 1992, 54)
Remains of a name which cannot be restored (certainly "ira", not "ora" as some scholars suggested).

Map Section 7 Place Sources

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