Mount Ephraim and Benjamin
36. Dothaim, where Joseph found his brothers pasturing - (Tell Dothan)
City in the northern part of the territory of Manasseh at the southern extremity of the Jezreel Valley. It was situated on an important trade route and was near extensive pastures. Jacob's sons brought their father's flock to graze there and there they sold Joseph to the passing Ishmaelites-Midianites whose caravan was on its way from Gilead in Transjordan to Egypt (Gen. 37:17ff.). According to II Kings 6:13ff., it was a walled city and the residence of the prophet Elisha. It is mentioned again in the apocryphal book of Judith (4:6; 7:3) among the cities in the Jezreel Valley near Holofernes' camp. Eusebius places it 12 mi. (20 km.) north of Samaria-Sebaste (Onom. 76:13). It is generally identified with Tell Dothan, 3 mi. (5 km.) south of Jenin and 13,1/2 mi. (22 km.) northwest of Shechem at the head of the valley of the same name. Excavations conducted there by J. P. Free between 1953 and 1960 uncovered remains from the Bronze and Iron Ages (Canaanite and Israelite periods)-walls, administrative buildings, private houses, as well as tombs, rich in finds.
Michael Avi-Yonah, Encyclopaedia Judaica, ad v. "Dothan"
Herbert Donner (The Mosaic Map of Madaba, Kampen 1992, 49)
"Dothaim where Joseph found his brothers pasturing" Gen. 37:17; the text is restored according to Eus.On. 76:13-15. The site is identical with Tall Dotan (coord. 172-202), about 8 km southwest of Ganin. For the restoration of this long inscription from only two and a half letters (only on the original map, not on the drawing) see H. Donner, ZDPV83 (1967) p. 25-27.
For more sources and bibliography see:
Tabula Imperii Romani. Iudaea - Palaestina (Jerusalem 1994) s.v. "Dothaim", 113-114.
Map Section 5 Place Sources