DISCUSSION

Peraea and the Dead Sea

15. Bethanamran, also Bethnambris - (Tell Nimrim)


Only the city vignette is preserved here. The inscription is restorable on the basis of the town location.

BETH-NIMRAH : One of the towns built by Gadites E of the Jordan valley in land wrested from the Amorite king Sihon and given to them by Moses (Num 32:36; Josh 13:27). The name is found at Num 32:3 without the initial element (Heb bêt, lit. "house"), and LXX omits it at Num 32:36 (Gk Nambra). The name of the site persists at Tell Nimrin (on the Wadi Nimrin), although the ancient site was Tell Bleibil nearby (Aharoni LBHG 112­14). The "waters of Nimrim" (Isa 15:6; Jer 48:34) are perhaps to be associated with this location.

C. Gilbert Romero, The Anchor Bible Dictionary, ad v. "Beth-Nimrah"

Michael Avi-Yonah (The Madaba Mosaic Map, Jerusalem 1954, 37)
Across the Jordan and opposite Galgala we notice above the gazelle the fragmentary representation of a locality, with the trunks of two palm trees to the right. To judge from its position on the map this might refer either to Abel (Khirbet el Kafrein) or to Livias-Bethramtha (Tell er-Rame). Another equally nameless village is situated between this place and the Dead Sea. If the latter is meant to represent Beth-jeshimoth (On. 48,7), then the northern village would be Beth-ramtha, and Abel might have been located in the lost part of the pavement further to the north-east. Possibly, however, Abel was not represented at all. Eusebius mentioned Beth-ramtha (Livias) seven times (On. 48,13 ecc.), while he mentions Abel but does not locate it.

Herbert Donner (The Mosaic Map of Madaba, Kampen 1992, 39)
The site is identical with Tall Nimrin near the mouth of Wadi Su'eb. The Hellenistic-Roman-Byzantine city succeeded the older one on Tall al-Blebil, called Beth-Nimra in the Old Testament.

Robert Schick ("Northern Jordan: What Might Have Been in the Madaba Mosaic Map", in The Madaba Map Centenary, Jerusalem 1999, 228)
Small portions of two other unlabelled city vignettes survive. A variety of suggestions have been made for their identification. The city vignette above the gazelle to the left could be Abel (Khirbat al-Kafrein) or Livias/Beth-Ramtha (Tell al-Rame), or perhaps Beth Nimrin (Tell Nimrin), while the city vignette above the gazelle to the right could be Beth Jeshimoth (Suweima). (See also the complete article)

For more sources and bibliography see:
F.-M. Abel, Géographie de la Palestine. II (Paris 1938), s.v. "Beth Nimra", 278.

Map Section 2 Place Sources

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Created Tuesday, December 19, 2000 at 23:44:00
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copyright - Studium Biblicum Franciscanum - Jerusalem 2000