* The door
* Sunday Vigil
Now the several days of the several weeks are kept thus: On the Lord's Day
after the first cockcrow the bishop reads in the Anastasis the account of the
Lord's Resurrection from the Gospel, as on all Lord's Days throughout the whole
year, and everything is done at the Anastasis and at the Cross as on all Lord's
Days throughout the year, up to daybreak.
Afterwards, in the morning, they proceed to the greater church, called the
martyrium, which is in Golgotha behind the Cross, and all things that are
customary on the Lord's Days are done there. In like manner also when the
dismissal from the church has been made, they go with hymns to the Anastasis,
as they always do on the Lord's Days, and while these things are being done the
fifth hour is reached. Lucernare, however, takes place at its own hour, as
usual, at the Anastasis and at the Cross, and in the various holy places; on
the Lord's Day the ninth hour is kept.
On the second weekday they go at the first cockcrow to the Anastasis, as they
do throughout the year, and everything that is usual is done until morning.
Then at the third hour they go to the Anastasis, and the things are done that
are customary throughout the year at the sixth hour, for this going at the
third hour in Quadragesima is additional. At the sixth and ninth hours also,
and at lucernare, everything is done that is customary throughout the whole
year at the holy places.
And on the third weekday all things are done as on the second weekday.
Again, on the fourth weekday they go by night to the Anastasis, and all the
usual things are done until morning, and also at the third and sixth hours. But
at the ninth hour they go to Sion, as is customary at that hour on the fourth
and sixth weekdays throughout the year, for the reason that the fast is always
kept here on the fourth and sixth weekdays even by the catechumens, except a
martyrs' day should occur. For if a martyrs' day should chance to occur on the
fourth or on the sixth weekday in Quadragesima, they do not go to Sion at the
But on the days of Quadragesima, as I said above, they proceed to Sion on the
fourth weekday at the ninth hour, according to the custom of the whole year,
and all things that are customary at the ninth hour are done, except the
oblation, for, in order that the people may always be instructed in the law,
both the bishop and the priest preach diligently. But when the dismissal has
been made, the people escort the bishop with hymns thence to the Anastasis, so
that it is already the hour of lucernare when he enters the Anastasis; then
hymns and antiphons are said, prayers are made, and the service (missa) of
lucernare takes place in the Anastasis and at the Cross.
And the service of lucernare is always later on those days in Quadragesima than
on other days throughout the year. On the fifth weekday everything is done as
on the second and third weekday. On the sixth weekday everything is done as on
the fourth, including the going to Sion at the ninth hour, and the escorting of
the bishop thence to the Anastasis with hymns.
But on the sixth weekday the vigils are observed in the Anastasis from the hour
of their arrival from Sion with hymns, until morning, that is, from the hour of
lucernare, when they entered, to the morning of the next day, that is, the
Sabbath. And the oblation is made in the Anastasis the earlier, that the
dismissal may take place before sunrise.
Throughout the whole night psalms are said responsively in turn with antiphons
and with various lections, the whole lasting until morning, and the dismissal,
which takes place on the Sabbath at the Anastasis, is before sunrise, that is,
the oblation, so that the dismissal may take place in the Anastasis at the hour
when the sun begins to rise. Thus, then, is each week of Quadragesima kept.
The dismissal taking place earlier on the Sabbath, i.e. before sunrise, as I
said, in order that the hebdomadarii, as they are called here, may finish their
fast earlier. For the custom of the fast in Quadragesima is that the dismissal
on the Lord's Day is at the fifth hour in order that they whom they call
hebdomadarii; that is, they who keep the weeks' fast, may take food. And when
these have taken breakfast on the Lord's Day, they do not eat until the Sabbath
morning after they have communicated in the Anastasis. It is for their sake,
then, that they may finish their fast the sooner, that the dismissal on the
Sabbath at the Anastasis is before sunrise. For their sake the dismissal is in
the morning, as I said; not that they alone communicate, but all who are so
minded communicate on that day in the Anastasis.
This is the custom of the fast in Quadragesima: some, when they have eaten
after the dismissal on the Lord's Day, that is, about the fifth or sixth hour,
do not eat throughout the whole week until after the dismissal at the Anastasis
on the Sabbath; these are they who keep the weeks' fast.
Nor, after having eaten in the morning, do they eat in the evening of the
Sabbath, but they take a meal on the next day, that is, on the Lord's Day,
after the dismissal from the church at the fifth hour or later, and then they
do not breakfast until the Sabbath comes round, as I have said above.
For the custom here is that all who are apotactitae, as they call them here,
whether men or women, eat only once a day on the day when they do eat, not only
in Quadragesima, but throughout the whole year. But if any of the apotactitae
cannot keep the entire week of fasting as described above, they take supper in
the middle (of the week), on the fifth day, all through Quadragesima. And if
any one cannot do even this, he keeps two days' fast (in the week) all through
Quadragesima, and they who cannot do even this, take a meal every evening.
For no one exacts from any how much he should do, but each does what he can,
nor is he praised who has done much, nor is he blamed who has done less; that
is the custom here. For their food during the days of Quadragesima is as
follows:--they taste neither bread which cannot be weighed, nor oil, nor
anything that grows on trees, but only water and a little gruel made of flour.
Quadragesima is kept thus, as we have said.
And at the end of the weeks' fast the vigil is kept in the Anastasis from the
hour of lucernare on the sixth weekday, when the people come with psalms from
Sion, to the morning of the Sabbath, when the oblation is made in the
Anastasis. And the second, third, fourth, fifth and sixth weeks in Quadragesima
are kept as the first.